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CBP® is the most published named chiropractic Technique within the Index Medicus in the history of the profession. CBP® has more published papers in peer-reviewed indexed journals than all other named Techniques combined.

Dr. Joe Betz has been fortunate to be involved in CBP® research since he graduated Chiropractic college. He has co-authored six original papers that have been published in the peer-reviewed, Index Medicus literature. He has also served as a primary author on three different Clinical Practice Guidelines that have all been accepted for inclusion at the National Guideline Clearinghouse:

  1. X-ray utilization guidelines in the chiropractic office
  2. Practice Guidelines for the International Chiropractors Association
  3. Management of Whiplash Associated Disorders

There have been nearly 100 research papers published by or supported by Chiropractic Biophysics® NonProfit:

  1. Colloca CJ, Keller TS, Moore RJ, Gunzburg R, Harrison DE. Intervertebral disc degeneration reduces vertebral motion responses. Spine. 2007 Sep 1;32(19):E544-50.
  2. Colloca CJ, Keller TS, Moore RJ, Gunzburg R, Harrison DE. Effects of disc degeneration on neurophysiological responses during dorsoventral mechanical excitation of the ovine lumbar spine. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2007 Apr 27;
  3. Keller TS, Colloca CJ. Dynamic dorsoventral stiffness assessment of the ovine lumbar spine. J Biomech. 2007;40(1):191-7.
  4. Harrison DE, Janik TJ, Cailliet R, Harrison DD, Normand MC, Perron DL, Ferrantelli JR. Validation of a computer analysis to determine 3-D rotations and translations of the rib cage in upright posture from three 2-D digital images. Eur Spine J. 2007 Feb;16(2):213-8. Epub 2006 Mar 18.
  5. Keller TS, Colloca CJ, Moore RJ, Gunzburg R, Harrison DE, Harrison DD. Three-dimensional vertebral motions produced by mechanical force spinal manipulation. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2006 Jul-Aug;29(6):425-36.
  6. Keller TS, Colloca CJ, Harrison DE, Moore RJ, Gunzburg R. Muscular contributions to dynamic dorsoventral lumbar spine stiffness. Eur Spine J. 2007 Feb;16(2):245-54. Epub 2006 Apr 29.
  7. Harrison DE, Betz JW, Cailliet R, Colloca CJ, Harrison DD, Haas JW, Janik TJ. Radiographic pseudoscoliosis in healthy male subjects following voluntary lateral translation (side glide) of the thoracic spine. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2006 Jan;87(1):117-22.
  8. Colloca CJ, Keller TS, Harrison DE, Moore RJ, Gunzburg R, Harrison DD. Spinal manipulation force and duration affect vertebral movement and neuromuscular responses. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2006 Mar;21(3):254-62.
  9. Oakley PA, Harrison DD, Harrison DE, Haas JW. Evidence-based protocol for structural rehabilitation of the spine and posture: review of clinical biomechanics of posture (CBP) publications. JCCA J Can Chiropr Assoc. 2005 Dec;49(4):270-96.
  10. Harrison DE, Haas JW, Cailliet R, Harrison DD, Holland B, Janik TJ. Concurrent validity of flexicurve instrument measurements: sagittal skin contour of the cervical spine compared with lateral cervical radiographic measurements. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2005 Oct;28(8):597-603.
  11. Colloca CJ, Hinrichs RN. The biomechanical and clinical significance of the lumbar erector spinae flexion-relaxation phenomenon: a review of literature. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2005 Oct;28(8):623-31. Review.
  12. Harrison DE, Haas JW, Harrison DD, Holland B, Janik T. Sagittal skin contour of the cervical spine: interexaminer and intraexaminer reliability of the flexicurve instrument. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2005 Sep;28(7):516-9.
  13. Haas JW, Harrison DE, Harrison DD, Bymers B. Conservative treatment of a patient with syringomyelia using chiropractic biophysics protocols. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2005 Jul-Aug;28(6):452.
  14. Keller TS, Colloca CJ, Harrison DE, Harrison DD, Janik TJ. Influence of spine morphology on intervertebral disc loads and stresses in asymptomatic adults: implications for the ideal spine. Spine J. 2005 May-Jun;5(3):297-309.
  15. Harrison DE, Cailliet R, Betz JW, Harrison DD, Colloca CJ, Haas JW, Janik TJ, Holland B. A non-randomized clinical control trial of Harrison mirror image methods for correcting trunk list (lateral translations of the thoracic cage) in patients with chronic low back pain. Eur Spine J. 2005 Mar;14(2):155-62.
  16. McAviney J, Schulz D, Bock R, Harrison DE, Holland B. Determining the relationship between cervical lordosis and neck complaints. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2005 Mar-Apr;28(3):187-93.
  17. Ferrantelli JR, Harrison DE, Harrison DD, Stewart D. Conservative treatment of a patient with previously unresponsive whiplash-associated disorders using clinical biomechanics of posture rehabilitation methods. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2005 Mar-Apr;28(3):e1-8. Erratum in: J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2005 Jul-Aug;28(6):460.
  18. Harrison DE, Colloca CJ, Harrison DD, Janik TJ, Haas JW, Keller TS. Anterior thoracic posture increases thoracolumbar disc loading. Eur Spine J. 2005 Apr;14(3):234-42. Epub 2004 May 27.
  19. Harrison DE, Harrison DD, Haas JW, Janik TJ, Holland B. Do sagittal plane anatomical variations (angulation) of the cervical facets and C2 odontoid affect the geometrical configuration of the cervical lordosis? Clin Anat. 2005 Mar;18(2):104-11.
  20. Paulk GP, Harrison DE. Management of a chronic lumbar disk herniation with chiropractic biophysics methods after failed chiropractic manipulative intervention. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2004 Nov-Dec;27(9):579.
  21. Harrison DD, Harrison DE, Janik TJ, Cailliet R, Ferrantelli JR, Haas JW, Holland B. Modeling of the sagittal cervical spine as a method to discriminate hypolordosis: results of elliptical and circular modeling in 72 asymptomatic subjects, 52 acute neck pain subjects, and 70 chronic neck pain subjects. Spine. 2004 Nov 15;29(22):2485-92.
  22. Bastecki AV, Harrison DE, Haas JW. Cervical kyphosis is a possible link to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2004 Oct;27(8):e14.
  23. Harrison DE, Ferrantelli J, Oakley PA. Lateral cervical curve changes in patients receiving chiropractic care after a motor vehicle collision: a retrospective case series. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2004 Feb;27(2):133-4; author reply 134-7.
  24. Colloca CJ, Polkinghorn BS. Chiropractic management of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome: a report of two cases. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2003 Sep;26(7):448-59.
  25. Harrison DE, Harrison DD, Betz JJ, Janik TJ, Holland B, Colloca CJ, Haas JW. Increasing the cervical lordosis with chiropractic biophysics seated combined extension-compression and transverse load cervical traction with cervical manipulation: nonrandomized clinical control trial. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2003 Mar-Apr;26(3):139-51. Erratum in: J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2005 Mar-Apr;28(3):214.
  26. Harrison DD, Harrison DE, Janik TJ, Cailliet R, Haas J. Do alterations in vertebral and disc dimensions affect an elliptical model of thoracic kyphosis? Spine. 2003 Mar 1;28(5):463-9.
  27. Keller TS, Harrison DE, Colloca CJ, Harrison DD, Janik TJ. Prediction of osteoporotic spinal deformity. Spine. 2003 Mar 1;28(5):455-62.
  28. Harrison DE, Harrison DD, Colloca CJ, Betz J, Janik TJ, Holland B. Repeatability over time of posture, radiograph positioning, and radiograph line drawing: an analysis of six control groups. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2003 Feb;26(2):87-98. Erratum in: J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2003 Mar-Apr;26(3):211.
  29. Troyanovich SJ, Buettner M. A structural chiropractic approach to the management of diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2003 Mar-Apr;26(3):202-6.
  30. Harrison DE, Cailliet R, Harrison DD, Janik TJ, Holland B. Changes in sagittal lumbar configuration with a new method of extension traction: nonrandomized clinical controlled trial. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2002 Nov;83(11):1585-91.
  31. Harrison DE, Jones EW, Janik TJ, Harrison DD. Evaluation of axial and flexural stresses in the vertebral body cortex and trabecular bone in lordosis and two sagittal cervical translation configurations with an elliptical shell model. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2002 Jul-Aug;25(6):391-401.
  32. Harrison DE, Janik TJ, Harrison DD, Cailliet R, Harmon SF. Can the thoracic kyphosis be modeled with a simple geometric shape? The results of circular and elliptical modeling in 80 asymptomatic patients. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2002 Jun;15(3):213-20.
  33. Harrison DE, Cailliet R, Harrison DD, Janik TJ. How do anterior/posterior translations of the thoracic cage affect the sagittal lumbar spine, pelvic tilt, and thoracic kyphosis? Eur Spine J. 2002 Jun;11(3):287-93.
  34. Harrison DE, Cailliet R, Harrison DD, Janik TJ, Holland B. A new 3-point bending traction method for restoring cervical lordosis and cervical manipulation: a nonrandomized clinical controlled trial. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2002 Apr;83(4):447-53.
  35. Harrison DE, Holland B, Harrison DD, Janik TJ. Further reliability analysis of the Harrison radiographic line-drawing methods: crossed ICCs for lateral posterior tangents and modified Risser-Ferguson method on AP views. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2002 Feb;25(2):93-8.
  36. Coleman RR, Harrison DE, Bernard BB. The effects of combined x-axis translations and y-axis rotations on projected lamina junction offset. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2001 Oct;24(8):509-13.
  37. Janik T, Harrison DE, Harrison DD, Holland B, Coleman RR, Payne MR. Reliability of lateral bending and axial rotation with validity of a new method to determine axial rotation on anteroposterior cervical radiographs. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2001 Sep;24(7):445-8.
  38. Harrison DE, Harrison DD, Cailliet R, Janik TJ, Holland B. Radiographic analysis of lumbar lordosis: centroid, Cobb, TRALL, and Harrison posterior tangent methods. Spine. 2001 Jun 1;26(11):E235-42.
  39. Harrison DE, Harrison DD, Janik TJ, William Jones E, Cailliet R, Normand M. Comparison of axial and flexural stresses in lordosis and three buckled configurations of the cervical spine. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2001 May;16(4):276-84.
  40. Harrison DE, Harrison DD, Janik TJ, Holland B, Siskin LA. Slight head extension: does it change the sagittal cervical curve? Eur Spine J. 2001 Apr;10(2):149-53.
  41. Harrison DE, Harrison DD, Troyanovich SJ, Harmon S. A normal spinal position: Its time to accept the evidence. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2000 Nov-Dec;23(9):623-44. Review.
  42. Harrison DE, Harrison DD, Cailliet R, Troyanovich SJ, Janik TJ, Holland B. Cobb method or Harrison posterior tangent method: which to choose for lateral cervical radiographic analysis. Spine. 2000 Aug 15;25(16):2072-8.
  43. Peet J. The chiropractic analysis and care of a six-month-old male with colic: A case study. Am J Clinical Chiropr 2000; 10(1):23.
  44. Harrison DD, Harrison DE, Troyanovich SJ, Harrison SO. Prevalence of hyperplastic articular pillars in the cervical spine and relationship with cervical lordosis. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2000 Jun;23(5):366-7.
  45. Harrison DE, Harrison DD, Cailliet R, Janik TJ, Troyanovich SJ. Cervical coupling during lateral head translations creates an S-configuration. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2000 Jul;15(6):436-40.
  46. Harrison DD, Harrison SO, Croft AC, Harrison DE, Troyanovich SJ. Sitting biomechanics, part II: optimal car drivers seat and optimal drivers spinal model. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2000 Jan;23(1):37-47. Review.
  47. Harrison DD, Harrison SO, Croft AC, Harrison DE, Troyanovich SJ. Sitting biomechanics part I: review of the literature. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1999 Nov-Dec;22(9):594-609. Review.
  48. Harrison DE, Cailliet R, Harrison DD, Janik TJ, Troyanovich SJ, Coleman RR. Lumbar coupling during lateral translations of the thoracic cage relative to a fixed pelvis. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 1999 Dec;14(10):704-9.
  49. Harrison DE, Cailliet R, Harrison DD, Troyanovich SJ, Harrison SO. A review of biomechanics of the central nervous systemPart III: spinal cord stresses from postural loads and their neurologic effects. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1999 Jul-Aug;22(6):399-410. Review.
  50. Harrison DE, Cailliet R, Harrison DD, Troyanovich SJ, Harrison SO. A review of biomechanics of the central nervous systempart II: spinal cord strains from postural loads. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1999 Jun;22(5):322-32. Review.
  51. Troyanovich SJ, Harrison SO, Harrison DD, Harrison DE, Payne MR, Janik TJ, Holland B. Chiropractic biophysics digitized radiographic mensuration analysis of the anteroposterior lumbopelvic view: a reliability study. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1999 Jun;22(5):309-15.
  52. Harrison DE, Cailliet R, Harrison DD, Troyanovich SJ, Harrison SO. A review of biomechanics of the central nervous systemPart I: spinal canal deformations resulting from changes in posture. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1999 May;22(4):227-34. Review.
  53. Troyanovich SJ, Harrison DD, Harrison DE. Low back pain and the lumbar intervertebral disk: clinical considerations for the doctor of chiropractic. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1999 Feb;22(2):96-104. Review.
  54. Coleman RR, Bernard BB, Harrison DE, Harrison SO. Correlation and quantification of projected 2-dimensional radiographic images with actual 3-dimensional Y-axis vertebral rotations. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1999 Jan;22(1):21-5.
  55. Janik TJ, Harrison DD, Cailliet R, Troyanovich SJ, Harrison DE. Can the sagittal lumbar curvature be closely approximated by an ellipse? J Orthop Res. 1998 Nov;16(6):766-70.
  56. Harrison DD, Cailliet R, Janik TJ, Troyanovich SJ, Harrison DE, Holland B. Elliptical modeling of the sagittal lumbar lordosis and segmental rotation angles as a method to discriminate between normal and low back pain subjects. J Spinal Disord. 1998 Oct;11(5):430-9.
  57. Troyanovich SJ, Harrison DE, Harrison DD, Holland B, Janik TJ. Further analysis of the reliability of the posterior tangent lateral lumbar radiographic mensuration procedure: concurrent validity of computer-aided X-ray digitization. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1998 Sep;21(7):460-7.
  58. Coleman RR, Bernard BB, Harrison DE. The effects of x-axis vertebral translation on projected y-axis vertebral rotation. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1998 Jun;21(5):333-40.
  59. Harrison DE, Harrison DD, Troyanovich SJ. Reliability of spinal displacement analysis of plain X-rays: a review of commonly accepted facts and fallacies with implications for chiropractic education and technique. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1998 May;21(4):252-66. Review.
  60. Harrison DE, Harrison DD, Troyanovich SJ. Three-dimensional spinal coupling mechanics: Part II. Implications for chiropractic theories and practice. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1998 Mar-Apr;21(3):177-86. Review. Erratum in: J Manipulative Physiol Ther 1998 May;21(4):inside back cov.
  61. Harrison DE, Harrison DD, Troyanovich SJ. Three-dimensional spinal coupling mechanics: Part I. A review of the literature. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1998 Feb;21(2):101-13. Review.
  62. Troyanovich SJ, Harrison DE, Harrison DD. Structural rehabilitation of the spine and posture: rationale for treatment beyond the resolution of symptoms. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1998 Jan;21(1):37-50. Review.
  63. Marko RB. A case study: Four year old female with Vesicoureteral Reflux. Chiropractic Pediatrics 1998; 3(3):12-13.
  64. Peet J. Case Study: Eight year old female with chronic asthma. Am J Clinical Chiropr 1998; 8(1):25-27.
  65. Marko SK. Case Study: Sven year old female with Asthma, Constipation, and Headaches among other symptoms. Chiropractic Pediatrics 1998 4(1):14-15.
  66. Harrison DE, Harrison DD, Troyanovich SJ. The sacroiliac joint: a review of anatomy and biomechanics with clinical implications. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1997 Nov-Dec;20(9):607-17. Review.
  67. Troyanovich SJ, Cailliet R, Janik TJ, Harrison DD, Harrison DE. Radiographic mensuration characteristics of the sagittal lumbar spine from a normal population with a method to synthesize prior studies of lordosis. J Spinal Disord. 1997 Oct;10(5):380-6.
  68. Harrison DD, Janik TJ, Troyanovich SJ, Harrison DE, Colloca CJ. Evaluation of the assumptions used to derive an ideal normal cervical spine model. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1997 May;20(4):246-56.
  69. Peet J. Adjusting the Hyperactive/A.D.D. pediatric patient. Chiropractic Pediatrics 1997; 2(4):12-13, 16.
  70. Peet J. Case study: Three year old female with acute stomach problems.. Chiropractic Pediatrics 1997; 3(1):10-11.
  71. Peet P. Child with chronic illness: Respiratory Infections, ADHD, and fatigue response to chiropractic care. Chiropractic Pediatrics 1997; 3(1):12-13.
  72. Marko SK. Case Study: Ten year old male with severe Asthma. Chiropractic Pediatrics 1997; 3(2):6-8.
  73. Peet J. Case Study: Eight year old female with chronic Asthma. Chiropractic Pediatrics 1997; 3(2):9-12.
  74. Harrison DD, Janik TJ, Harrison GR, Troyanovich S, Harrison DE, Harrison SO. Chiropractic biophysics technique: a linear algebra approach to posture in chiropractic. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1996 Oct;19(8):525-35.
  75. Harrison DD, Colloca CJ, Troyanovich SJ, Harrison DE. Torque: an appraisal of misuse of terminology in chiropractic literature and technique. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1996 Sep;19(7):454-62. Review.
  76. Harrison DD, Troyanovich SJ, Harrison DE, Janik TJ, Murphy DJ. A normal sagittal spinal configuration: a desirable clinical outcome. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1996 Jul-Aug;19(6):398-405. Review.
  77. Harrison DD, Janik TJ, Troyanovich SJ, Holland B. Comparisons of lordotic cervical spine curvatures to a theoretical ideal model of the static sagittal cervical spine. Spine. 1996 Mar 15;21(6):667-75.
  78. Marko R. Chiropractic Biophysics Technique in care of a child with Otitis Media. Chiropractic Pediatrics 1996; 2(2):13&26.
  79. Marko SK. Adjusting the newborn infant with Jaundice. Chiropractic Pediatrics 1996; 2(3):9-10.
  80. Peet J. Case Study: Chiropractic results with a child with reoccurring Otitis Media accompanied by Effusion. Chiropractic Pediatrics 1996; 2(2):8,11, & 12.
  81. Peet J. Adjusting the Febrile pediatric patient. Chiropractic Pediatrics 1996; 2(3):11-12.
  82. Troyanovich SJ, Robertson GA, Harrison DD, Holland B. Intra- and interexaminer reliability of the chiropractic biophysics lateral lumbar radiographic mensuration procedure. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1995 Oct;18(8):519-24.
  83. Krauss L. Case Study: Birth Trauma resulting in colic. Chiropractic Pediatrics 1995; 2(1):10-11.
  84. Peet J, Marko SK, Piekarczk W. Chiropractic response in the pediatric patient with Asthma: A Pilot Study. Chiropractic Pediatrics 1995; 1(4):9-13.
  85. Harrison DD, Jackson BL, Troyanovich S, Robertson G, de George D, Barker WF. The efficacy of cervical extension-compression traction combined with diversified manipulation and drop table adjustments in the rehabilitation of cervical lordosis: a pilot study. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1994 Sep;17(7):454-64.
  86. Peet J. Brachial plexus injury in an infant with Down’s syndrome: A case study. Chiropractic Pediatrics 1994; 1(2):11-14.
  87. Marko SK. Case study: The effect of chiropractic care in an infant with problems of Constipation. Chiropractic Pediatrics 1994 ; 1:23-24.
  88. Garde R. Asthma & Chiropractic. Chiropractic Pediatrics 1994; 1(3): 9-16.
  89. Marko R. Bedwetting: Two Case Studies. Chiropractic Pediatrics 1994; 1(2): 21-22.
  90. Krauss L. Case Study: Infants inability to breast feed. Chiropractic Pediatrics 1994; 1(3):27.
  91. Jackson BL, Harrison DD, Robertson GA, Barker WF. Chiropractic biophysics lateral cervical film analysis reliability. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1993 Jul-Aug;16(6):384-91.
  92. Peet J. Vertebral subluxations with postural permutations at birth in Athetoid-Ataxic Cerebral Palsy: A case report. Am J Clinical Chiropr 1993; 3(1):14.
  93. Peet J. Hyperactivity and attention deficit: A chiropractic Perspective (2 Cases). Am J Clinical Chiropr 1993; 3(3):5.
  94. DeGeorge D, Gambale A.  CBP Case Study. American Journal of Clinical Chiropractic 1993;3(2):11
  95. Zaleski BW, Wood J. A comparison of Palmer package and Chiropractic Biophysics for the treatment of pain. Proceedings of the International Conference on Spinal Manipulation 1992; Chicago, IL., May 15-17.
  96. Grimston SK, Engsberg JR, Shaw L, Vetanze NW. Muscular rehabilitation prescribed in coordination with prior chiropractic therapy as a treatment for sacroiliac subluxation in female distance runners. Chiropractic Sports Med 1990; 4(1):2-8.

In addition to studies pertaining specifically to Chiropractic Biophysics® Technique, there are many other studies that report on the positive benefits of treatment provided by chiropractors. In a set of guidelines written for the profession of chiropractic (ICA Best Practices and Practice Guidelines), over 1400 articles were reviewed. The findings showed benefit of over 300 different health conditions using chiropractic methods. Some of these articles include:

F. Avraham, S. Aviv, P. Yaakobi, H. Faran, Z. Fisher, Y. Goldman, G. Neeman, and E. Carmeli. The efficacy of treatment of different intervention programs for patellofemoral pain syndromea single blinded randomized clinical trial. Pilot study. ScientificWorldJournal. 7:1256-1262, 2007.

M. D. Bang and G. D. Deyle. Comparison of supervised exercise with and without manual physical therapy for patients with shoulder impingement syndrome. J.Orthop.Sports Phys.Ther. 30 (3):126-137, 2000.

H. Bentsen, F. Lindgarde, and R. Manthorpe. The effect of dynamic strength back exercise and/or a home training program in 57-year-old women with chronic low back pain. Results of a prospective randomized study with a 3-year follow-up period. Spine 22 (13):1494-1500, 1997.

O. H. Bjarnadottir, A. D. Konradsdottir, K. Reynisdottir, and E. Olafsson. Multiple sclerosis and brief moderate exercise. A randomised study. Mult.Scler. 13 (6):776-782, 2007.

L. Bunketorp, M. Lindh, J. Carlsson, and E. Stener-Victorin. The effectiveness of a supervised physical training model tailored to the individual needs of patients with whiplash-associated disordersa randomized controlled trial. Clin.Rehabil. 20 (3):201-217, 2006.

T. T. Chiu, T. H. Lam, and A. J. Hedley. A randomized controlled trial on the efficacy of exercise for patients with chronic neck pain. Spine 30 (1):E1-E7, 2005.

T. Cochrane, R. C. Davey, and S. M. Matthes Edwards. Randomised controlled trial of the cost-effectiveness of water-based therapy for lower limb osteoarthritis. Health Technol.Assess. 9 (31):iii-xi, 1, 2005.

G. E. Djavid, R. Mehrdad, M. Ghasemi, H. Hasan-Zadeh, A. Sotoodeh-Manesh, and G. Pouryaghoub. In chronic low back pain, low level laser therapy combined with exercise is more beneficial than exercise alone in the long term: a randomised trial. Aust.J.Physiother. 53 (3):155-160, 2007.

K. J. Dodd, N. F. Taylor, and H. K. Graham. A randomized clinical trial of strength training in young people with cerebral palsy. Dev.Med.Child Neurol. 45 (10):652-657, 2003.

V. E. Drory, E. Goltsman, J. G. Reznik, A. Mosek, and A. D. Korczyn. The value of muscle exercise in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. J.Neurol.Sci. 191 (1-2):133-137, 2001.

P. Duncan, L. Richards, D. Wallace, J. Stoker-Yates, P. Pohl, C. Luchies, A. Ogle, and S. Studenski. A randomized, controlled pilot study of a home-based exercise program for individuals with mild and moderate stroke. Stroke 29 (10):2055-2060, 1998.

K. Dziedzic, J. Hill, M. Lewis, J. Sim, J. Daniels, and E. M. Hay. Effectiveness of manual therapy or pulsed shortwave diathermy in addition to advice and exercise for neck disorders: a pragmatic randomized controlled trial in physical therapy clinics. Arthritis Rheum. 53 (2):214-222, 2005.

H. Epps, L. Ginnelly, M. Utley, T. Southwood, S. Gallivan, M. Sculpher, and P. Woo. Is hydrotherapy cost-effective? A randomised controlled trial of combined hydrotherapy programmes compared with physiotherapy land techniques in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Health Technol.Assess. 9 (39):iii-x, 1, 2005.

L. Eversden, F. Maggs, P. Nightingale, and P. Jobanputra. A pragmatic randomised controlled trial of hydrotherapy and land exercises on overall well being and quality of life in rheumatoid arthritis. BMC.Musculoskelet.Disord. 8:23, 2007.

D. Falla, G. Jull, P. Hodges, and B. Vicenzino. An endurance-strength training regime is effective in reducing myoelectric manifestations of cervical flexor muscle fatigue in females with chronic neck pain. Clin.Neurophysiol. 117 (4):828-837, 2006.

C. Fernandez-de-Las-Penas, C. Alonso-Blanco, M. Morales-Cabezas, and J. C. Miangolarra-Page. Two exercise interventions for the management of patients with ankylosing spondylitis: a randomized controlled trial. Am.J.Phys.Med.Rehabil. 84 (6):407-419, 2005.

C. Fernandez-de-Las-Penas, C. Alonso-Blanco, I. M. Alguacil-Diego, and J. C. Miangolarra-Page. One-year follow-up of two exercise interventions for the management of patients with ankylosing spondylitis: a randomized controlled trial. Am.J.Phys.Med.Rehabil. 85 (7):559-567, 2006.

W. R. Ferrell, N. Tennant, R. D. Sturrock, L. Ashton, G. Creed, G. Brydson, and D. Rafferty. Amelioration of symptoms by enhancement of proprioception in patients with joint hypermobility syndrome. Arthritis Rheum. 50 (10):3323-3328, 2004.

G. K. Fitzgerald, M. J. Axe, and L. Snyder-Mackler. The efficacy of perturbation training in nonoperative anterior cruciate ligament rehabilitation programs for physical active individuals. Phys.Ther. 80 (2):128-140, 2000.

N. E. Foster, E. Thomas, P. Barlas, J. C. Hill, J. Young, E. Mason, and E. M. Hay. Acupuncture as an adjunct to exercise based physiotherapy for osteoarthritis of the knee: randomised controlled trial. BMJ 335 (7617):436, 2007.

K. Y. Fulcher and P. D. White. Randomised controlled trial of graded exercise in patients with the chronic fatigue syndrome. BMJ 314 (7095):1647-1652, 1997.

L. J. Goldby, A. P. Moore, J. Doust, and M. E. Trew. A randomized controlled trial investigating the efficiency of musculoskeletal physiotherapy on chronic low back disorder. Spine 31 (10):1083-1093, 2006.

F. Guler-Uysal and E. Kozanoglu. Comparison of the early response to two methods of rehabilitation in adhesive capsulitis. Swiss.Med.Wkly. 134 (23-24):353-358, 2004.

R. S. Hinman, S. E. Heywood, and A. R. Day. Aquatic physical therapy for hip and knee osteoarthritis: results of a single-blind randomized controlled trial. Phys.Ther. 87 (1):32-43, 2007.

M. A. Hirsch, T. Toole, C. G. Maitland, and R. A. Rider. The effects of balance training and high-intensity resistance training on persons with idiopathic Parkinsons disease. Arch.Phys.Med.Rehabil. 84 (8):1109-1117, 2003.

H. L. Hoeksma, J. Dekker, H. K. Ronday, A. Heering, Lubbe N. van der, C. Vel, F. C. Breedveld, and C. H. van den Ende. Comparison of manual therapy and exercise therapy in osteoarthritis of the hip: a randomized clinical trial. Arthritis Rheum. 51 (5):722-729, 2004.

A. Jordan, T. Bendix, H. Nielsen, F. R. Hansen, D. Host, and A. Winkel. Intensive training, physiotherapy, or manipulation for patients with chronic neck pain. A prospective, single-blinded, randomized clinical trial. Spine 23 (3):311-318, 1998.

G. Jull, P. Trott, H. Potter, G. Zito, K. Niere, D. Shirley, J. Emberson, I. Marschner, and C. Richardson. A randomized controlled trial of exercise and manipulative therapy for cervicogenic headache. Spine 27 (17):1835-1843, 2002.

G. Jull, D. Falla, J. Treleaven, P. Hodges, and B. Vicenzino. Retraining cervical joint position sense: the effect of two exercise regimes. J.Orthop.Res. 25 (3):404-412, 2007.

M. Kankaanpaa, S. Taimela, O. Airaksinen, and O. Hanninen. The efficacy of active rehabilitation in chronic low back pain. Effect on pain intensity, self-experienced disability, and lumbar fatigability. Spine 24 (10):1034-1042, 1999.

D. J. Kidgell, D. M. Horvath, B. M. Jackson, and P. J. Seymour. Effect of six weeks of dura disc and mini-trampoline balance training on postural sway in athletes with functional ankle instability. J.Strength.Cond.Res. 21 (2):466-469, 2007.

S. H. Kim, K. I. Ha, M. W. Jung, M. S. Lim, Y. M. Kim, and J. H. Park. Accelerated rehabilitation after arthroscopic Bankart repair for selected cases: a prospective randomized clinical study. Arthroscopy 19 (7):722-731, 2003.

J. S. Lewis, J. S. Hewitt, L. Billington, S. Cole, J. Byng, and S. Karayiannis. A randomized clinical trial comparing two physiotherapy interventions for chronic low back pain. Spine 30 (7):711-721, 2005.

M. Lewis, M. James, E. Stokes, J. Hill, J. Sim, E. Hay, and K. Dziedzic. An economic evaluation of three physiotherapy treatments for non-specific neck disorders alongside a randomized trial. Rheumatology.(Oxford) 46 (11):1701-1708, 2007.

A. E. Ljunggren, H. Weber, O. Kogstad, E. Thom, and G. Kirkesola. Effect of exercise on sick leave due to low back pain. A randomized, comparative, long-term study. Spine 22 (14):1610-1616, 1997.

P. M. Ludewig and J. D. Borstad. Effects of a home exercise programme on shoulder pain and functional status in construction workers. Occup.Environ.Med. 60 (11):841-849, 2003.

B. Malmros, L. Mortensen, M. B. Jensen, and P. Charles. Positive effects of physiotherapy on chronic pain and performance in osteoporosis. Osteoporos.Int. 8 (3):215-221, 1998.

T. Manini, M. Marko, T. VanArnam, S. Cook, B. Fernhall, J. Burke, and L. Ploutz-Snyder. Efficacy of resistance and task-specific exercise in older adults who modify tasks of everyday life. J.Gerontol.A Biol.Sci.Med.Sci. 62 (6):616-623, 2007.

A. F. Mannion, M. Muntener, S. Taimela, and J. Dvorak. A randomized clinical trial of three active therapies for chronic low back pain. Spine 24 (23):2435-2448, 1999.

A. F. Mannion, M. Muntener, S. Taimela, and J. Dvorak. Comparison of three active therapies for chronic low back pain: results of a randomized clinical trial with one-year follow-up. Rheumatology.(Oxford) 40 (7):772-778, 2001.

L. Martin, A. Nutting, B. R. MacIntosh, S. M. Edworthy, D. Butterwick, and J. Cook. An exercise program in the treatment of fibromyalgia. J.Rheumatol. 23 (6):1050-1053, 1996.

C. J. McCarthy, P. M. Mills, R. Pullen, G. Richardson, N. Hawkins, C. R. Roberts, A. J. Silman, and J. A. Oldham. Supplementation of a home-based exercise programme with a class-based programme for people with osteoarthritis of the knees: a randomised controlled trial and health economic analysis. Health Technol.Assess. 8 (46):iii-61, 2004.

M. Mulet, K. L. Decker, J. O. Look, P. A. Lenton, and E. L. Schiffman. A randomized clinical trial assessing the efficacy of adding 6 x 6 exercises to self-care for the treatment of masticatory myofascial pain. J.Orofac.Pain 21 (4):318-328, 2007.

M. E. Nelson, M. A. Fiatarone, C. M. Morganti, I. Trice, R. A. Greenberg, and W. J. Evans. Effects of high-intensity strength training on multiple risk factors for osteoporotic fractures. A randomized controlled trial. JAMA 272 (24):1909-1914, 1994.

L. Niemisto, P. Rissanen, S. Sarna, T. Lahtinen-Suopanki, K. A. Lindgren, and H. Hurri. Cost-effectiveness of combined manipulation, stabilizing exercises, and physician consultation compared to physician consultation alone for chronic low back pain: a prospective randomized trial with 2-year follow-up. Spine 30 (10):1109-1115, 2005.

S. OLeary, D. Falla, P. W. Hodges, G. Jull, and B. Vicenzino. Specific therapeutic exercise of the neck induces immediate local hypoalgesia. J.Pain 8 (11):832-839, 2007.

S. D. OShea, N. F. Taylor, and J. D. Paratz. A predominantly home-based progressive resistance exercise program increases knee extensor strength in the short-term in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a randomised controlled trial. Aust.J.Physiother. 53 (4):229-237, 2007.

L. H. Pengel, K. M. Refshauge, C. G. Maher, M. K. Nicholas, R. D. Herbert, and P. McNair. Physiotherapist-directed exercise, advice, or both for subacute low back pain: a randomized trial. Ann.Intern.Med. 146 (11):787-796, 2007.

T. Petersen, P. Kryger, C. Ekdahl, S. Olsen, and S. Jacobsen. The effect of McKenzie therapy as compared with that of intensive strengthening training for the treatment of patients with subacute or chronic low back pain: A randomized controlled trial. Spine 27 (16):1702-1709, 2002.

S. H. Peurala, I. M. Tarkka, K. Pitkanen, and J. Sivenius. The effectiveness of body weight-supported gait training and floor walking in patients with chronic stroke. Arch.Phys.Med.Rehabil. 86 (8):1557-1564, 2005.

R. M. Rine, J. Braswell, D. Fisher, K. Joyce, K. Kalar, and M. Shaffer. Improvement of motor development and postural control following intervention in children with sensorineural hearing loss and vestibular impairment. Int.J.Pediatr.Otorhinolaryngol. 68 (9):1141-1148, 2004.

H. Rogind, B. Bibow-Nielsen, B. Jensen, H. C. Moller, H. Frimodt-Moller, and H. Bliddal. The effects of a physical training program on patients with osteoarthritis of the knees. Arch.Phys.Med.Rehabil. 79 (11):1421-1427, 1998.

G. Senbursa, G. Baltaci, and A. Atay. Comparison of conservative treatment with and without manual physical therapy for patients with shoulder impingement syndrome: a prospective, randomized clinical trial. Knee.Surg.Sports Traumatol.Arthrosc. 15 (7):915-921, 2007.

C. Sherrington, S. R. Lord, and R. D. Herbert. A randomised trial of weight-bearing versus non-weight-bearing exercise for improving physical ability in inpatients after hip fracture. Aust.J.Physiother. 49 (1):15-22, 2003.

T. Sjogren, K. J. Nissinen, S. K. Jarvenpaa, M. T. Ojanen, H. Vanharanta, and E. A. Malkia. Effects of a workplace physical exercise intervention on the intensity of headache and neck and shoulder symptoms and upper extremity muscular strength of office workers: a cluster randomized controlled cross-over trial. Pain 116 (1-2):119-128, 2005.

R. Song, E. O. Lee, P. Lam, and S. C. Bae. Effects of tai chi exercise on pain, balance, muscle strength, and perceived difficulties in physical functioning in older women with osteoarthritis: a randomized clinical trial. J.Rheumatol. 30 (9):2039-2044, 2003.

L. M. Spencer, J. A. Alison, and Z. J. McKeough. Do supervised weekly exercise programs maintain functional exercise capacity and quality of life, twelve months after pulmonary rehabilitation in COPD? BMC.Pulm.Med. 7:7, 2007.

W. R. Stanton and G. A. Jull. Cervicogenic headache: locus of control and success of treatment. Headache 43 (9):956-961, 2003.

D. Stasinopoulos and I. Stasinopoulos. Comparison of effects of exercise programme, pulsed ultrasound and transverse friction in the treatment of chronic patellar tendinopathy. Clin.Rehabil. 18 (4):347-352, 2004.

M. J. Stewart, C. G. Maher, K. M. Refshauge, R. D. Herbert, N. Bogduk, and M. Nicholas. Randomized controlled trial of exercise for chronic whiplash-associated disorders. Pain 128 (1-2):59-68, 2007.

K. Storheim, I. Holm, R. Gunderson, J. I. Brox, and K. Bo. The effect of comprehensive group training on cross-sectional area, density, and strength of paraspinal muscles in patients sick-listed for subacute low back pain. J.Spinal Disord.Tech. 16 (3):271-279, 2003.

A. Suputtitada, P. Yooktanan, and T. Rarerng-Ying. Effect of partial body weight support treadmill training in chronic stroke patients. J.Med.Assoc.Thai. 87 Suppl 2:S107-S111, 2004.

S. Taimela, E. P. Takala, T. Asklof, K. Seppala, and S. Parviainen. Active treatment of chronic neck pain: a prospective randomized intervention. Spine 25 (8):1021-1027, 2000.

T. A. Torstensen, A. E. Ljunggren, H. D. Meen, E. Odland, P. Mowinckel, and S. Geijerstam. Efficiency and costs of medical exercise therapy, conventional physiotherapy, and self-exercise in patients with chronic low back pain. A pragmatic, randomized, single-blinded, controlled trial with 1-year follow-up. Spine 23 (23):2616-2624, 1998.

T. Tritilanunt and W. Wajanavisit. The efficacy of an aerobic exercise and health education program for treatment of chronic low back pain. J.Med.Assoc.Thai. 84 Suppl 2:S528-S533, 2001.

H. van Ettekoven and C. Lucas. Efficacy of physiotherapy including a craniocervical training programme for tension-type headache; a randomized clinical trial. Cephalalgia 26 (8):983-991, 2006.

B. Wolf, H. Feys, Weerdt De, Meer J. van der, M. Noom, G. Aufdemkampe, and M. Noom. Effect of a physical therapeutic intervention for balance problems in the elderly: a single-blind, randomized, controlled multicentre trial. Clin.Rehabil. 15 (6):624-636, 2001.

J. Ylinen, E. P. Takala, M. Nykanen, A. Hakkinen, E. Malkia, T. Pohjolainen, S. L. Karppi, H. Kautiainen, and O. Airaksinen. Active neck muscle training in the treatment of chronic neck pain in women: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA 289 (19):2509-2516, 2003.

J. Ylinen, A. Hakkinen, M. Nykanen, H. Kautiainen, and E. P. Takala. Neck muscle training in the treatment of chronic neck pain: a three-year follow-up study. Eura.Medicophys. 43 (2):161-169, 2007.

J. J. Ylinen, A. H. Hakkinen, E. P. Takala, M. J. Nykanen, H. J. Kautiainen, E. A. Malkia, T. H. Pohjolainen, S. L. Karppi, and O. V. Airaksinen. Effects of neck muscle training in women with chronic neck pain: one-year follow-up study. J.Strength.Cond.Res. 20 (1):6-13, 2006.

J. J. Ylinen, E. P. Takala, M. J. Nykanen, H. J. Kautiainen, A. H. Hakkinen, and O. V. Airaksinen. Effects of twelve-month strength training subsequent to twelve-month stretching exercise in treatment of chronic neck pain. J.Strength.Cond.Res. 20 (2):304-308, 2006.

Level 2:

D. Borenstein. Prevalence and treatment outcome of primary and secondary fibromyalgia in patients with spinal pain. Spine 20 (7):796-800, 1995.

M. Buchner, A. Zahlten-Hinguranage, M. Schiltenwolf, and E. Neubauer. Therapy outcome after multidisciplinary treatment for chronic neck and chronic low back pain: a prospective clinical study in 365 patients. Scand.J.Rheumatol. 35 (5):363-367, 2006.

K. Chan, L. Qin, M. Lau, J. Woo, S. Au, W. Choy, K. Lee, and S. Lee. A randomized, prospective study of the effects of Tai Chi Chun exercise on bone mineral density in postmenopausal women. Arch.Phys.Med.Rehabil. 85 (5):717-722, 2004.

L. M. Giangregorio, A. L. Hicks, C. E. Webber, S. M. Phillips, B. C. Craven, J. M. Bugaresti, and N. McCartney. Body weight supported treadmill training in acute spinal cord injury: impact on muscle and bone. Spinal Cord. 43 (11):649-657, 2005.

K. R. Gottshall, M. E. Hoffer, R. J. Moore, and B. J. Balough. The role of vestibular rehabilitation in the treatment of Menieres disease. Otolaryngol.Head Neck Surg. 133 (3):326-328, 2005.

D. E. Harrison, R. Cailliet, J. Betz, J. W. Haas, D. D. Harrison, T. J. Janik, and B. Holland. Conservative methods for reducing lateral translation postures of the head: a nonrandomized clinical control trial. J.Rehabil.Res.Dev. 41 (4):631-639, 2004.

A. Helewa, C. H. Goldsmith, H. A. Smythe, P. Lee, K. Obright, and L. Stitt. Effect of therapeutic exercise and sleeping neck support on patients with chronic neck pain: a randomized clinical trial. J.Rheumatol. 34 (1):151-158, 2007.

H. Karapolat, Y. Akkoc, I. Sari, S. Eyigor, S. Akar, Y. Kirazli, and N. Akkoc. Comparison of group-based exercise versus home-based exercise in patients with ankylosing spondylitis: effects on Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Indices, quality of life and depression. Clin.Rheumatol., 2007.

A. C. Kronhed and M. Moller. Effects of physical exercise on bone mass, balance skill and aerobic capacity in women and men with low bone mineral density, after one year of traininga prospective study. Scand.J.Med.Sci.Sports 8 (5 Pt 1):290-298, 1998.

J. K. Richardson, D. Sandman, and S. Vela. A focused exercise regimen improves clinical measures of balance in patients with peripheral neuropathy. Arch.Phys.Med.Rehabil. 82 (2):205-209, 2001.

Level 3:

F. S. Duran, L. Lugo, L. Ramirez, and E. Eusse. Effects of an exercise program on the rehabilitation of patients with spinal cord injury. Arch.Phys.Med.Rehabil. 82 (10):1349-1354, 2001.

G. R. Jones, J. M. Jakobi, A. W. Taylor, R. J. Petrella, and A. A. Vandervoort. Community exercise program for older adults recovering from hip fracture: a pilot study. J.Aging Phys.Act. 14 (4):439-455, 2006.

J. Jurgel, L. Rannama, H. Gapeyeva, J. Ereline, I. Kolts, and M. Paasuke. Shoulder function in patients with frozen shoulder before and after 4-week rehabilitation. Medicina (Kaunas.) 41 (1):30-38, 2005.

Z. Matjacic and A. Zupan. Effects of dynamic balance training during standing and stepping in patients with hereditary sensory motor neuropathy. Disabil.Rehabil. 28 (23):1455-1459, 2006.

L. Meiworm, E. Jakob, U. A. Walker, H. H. Peter, and J. Keul. Patients with fibromyalgia benefit from aerobic endurance exercise. Clin.Rheumatol. 19 (4):253-257, 2000.

L. Moseley. Combined physiotherapy and education is efficacious for chronic low back pain. Aust.J.Physiother. 48 (4):297-302, 2002.

Level 4:

A. L. Betker, A. Desai, C. Nett, N. Kapadia, and T. Szturm. Game-based exercises for dynamic short-sitting balance rehabilitation of people with chronic spinal cord and traumatic brain injuries. Phys.Ther. 87 (10):1389-1398, 2007.

C. L. Blum. Chiropractic and pilates therapy for the treatment of adult scoliosis. J.Manipulative Physiol Ther. 25 (4):E3, 2002.

E. S. Bracher, C. I. Almeida, R. R. Almeida, A. C. Duprat, and C. B. Bracher. A combined approach for the treatment of cervical vertigo. J.Manipulative Physiol Ther. 23 (2):96-100, 2000.

M. P. Callahan, T. Pham, I. Rashbaum, H. Pineda, and N. Greenspan. Cardiopulmonary rehabilitation in a patient with Noonan syndrome. Arch.Phys.Med.Rehabil. 81 (2):230-232, 2000.

C. J. Colloca and B. S. Polkinghorn. Chiropractic management of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome: a report of two cases. J.Manipulative Physiol Ther. 26 (7):448-459, 2003.

S. Corna, A. Nardone, A. Prestinari, M. Galante, M. Grasso, and M. Schieppati. Comparison of Cawthorne-Cooksey exercises and sinusoidal support surface translations to improve balance in patients with unilateral vestibular deficit. Arch.Phys.Med.Rehabil. 84 (8):1173-1184, 2003.

P. R. Dornan. Incontinencean aggressive approach to treatment: a case series. J.Sci.Med.Sport 8 (4):458-462, 2005.

J. R. Ferrantelli, D. E. Harrison, D. D. Harrison, and D. Stewart. Conservative treatment of a patient with previously unresponsive whiplash-associated disorders using clinical biomechanics of posture rehabilitation methods. J.Manipulative Physiol Ther. 28 (3):e1-e8, 2005.

K. M. Gill-Body, R. A. Popat, S. W. Parker, and D. E. Krebs. Rehabilitation of balance in two patients with cerebellar dysfunction. Phys.Ther. 77 (5):534-552, 1997.

W. M. Glasoe, M. K. Allen, B. F. Awtry, and H. J. Yack. Weight-bearing immobilization and early exercise treatment following a grade II lateral ankle sprain. J.Orthop.Sports Phys.Ther. 29 (7):394-399, 1999.

B. A. Goldberg, R. J. Nowinski, and F. A. Matsen, III. Outcome of nonoperative management of full-thickness rotator cuff tears. Clin.Orthop.Relat Res. (382):99-107, 2001.

R. Grant, G. Jull, and T. Spencer. Active stabilisation training for screen based keyboard operators a single case study. Aust.J.Physiother. 43 (4):235-242, 1997.

B. L. Greene. Physical therapist management of fluoroquinolone-induced Achilles tendinopathy. Phys.Ther. 82 (12):1224-1231, 2002.

C. M. Gregory, M. G. Bowden, A. Jayaraman, P. Shah, A. Behrman, S. A. Kautz, and K. Vandenborne. Resistance training and locomotor recovery after incomplete spinal cord injury: a case series. Spinal Cord. 45 (7):522-530, 2007.

J. W. Haas, D. E. Harrison, D. D. Harrison, and B. Bymers. Conservative treatment of a patient with syringomyelia using chiropractic biophysics protocols. J.Manipulative Physiol Ther. 28 (6):452, 2005.

C. F. Holmes, J. P. Fletcher, M. J. Blaschak, and R. C. Schenck. Management of shoulder dysfunction with an alternative model of orthopaedic physical therapy intervention: a case report. J.Orthop.Sports Phys.Ther. 26 (6):347-354, 1997.

C. A. Johnston, D. M. Lindsay, and J. P. Wiley. Treatment of iliopsoas syndrome with a hip rotation strengthening program: a retrospective case series. J.Orthop.Sports Phys.Ther. 29 (4):218-224, 1999.

W. B. Katzman, D. E. Sellmeyer, A. L. Stewart, L. Wanek, and K. A. Hamel. Changes in flexed posture, musculoskeletal impairments, and physical performance after group exercise in community-dwelling older women. Arch.Phys.Med.Rehabil. 88 (2):192-199, 2007.

K. Kawanabe, A. Kawashima, I. Sashimoto, T. Takeda, Y. Sato, and J. Iwamoto. Effect of whole-body vibration exercise and muscle strengthening, balance, and walking exercises on walking ability in the elderly. Keio J.Med. 56 (1):28-33, 2007.

P. Kluding and P. Q. McGinnis. Multidimensional exercise for people with Parkinsons disease: a case report. Physiother.Theory.Pract. 22 (3):153-162, 2006.

R. A. Liusuwan, L. M. Widman, R. T. Abresch, A. J. Johnson, and C. M. McDonald. Behavioral intervention, exercise, and nutrition education to improve health and fitness (BENEfit) in adolescents with mobility impairment due to spinal cord dysfunction. J.Spinal Cord.Med. 30 Suppl 1:S119-S126, 2007.

C. W. MacDonald, J. M. Whitman, J. A. Cleland, M. Smith, and H. L. Hoeksma. Clinical outcomes following manual physical therapy and exercise for hip osteoarthritis: A case series. J.Orthop.Sports Phys.Ther. 36 (8):588-599, 2006.

K. K. Mangione and K. M. Palombaro. Exercise prescription for a patient 3 months after hip fracture. Phys.Ther. 85 (7):676-687, 2005.

C. Y. Mao, W. C. Jaw, and H. C. Cheng. Frozen shoulder: correlation between the response to physical therapy and follow-up shoulder arthrography. Arch.Phys.Med.Rehabil. 78 (8):857-859, 1997.

P. W. Marshall and B. A. Murphy. Evaluation of functional and neuromuscular changes after exercise rehabilitation for low back pain using a Swiss ball: a pilot study. J.Manipulative Physiol Ther. 29 (7):550-560, 2006.

M. W. Morningstar, D. Woggon, and G. Lawrence. Scoliosis treatment using a combination of manipulative and rehabilitative therapy: a retrospective case series. BMC.Musculoskelet.Disord. 5:32, 2004.

M. W. Morningstar and T. Joy. Scoliosis treatment using spinal manipulation and the Pettibon Weighting System: a summary of 3 atypical presentations. Chiropr.Osteopat. 14:1, 2006.

M. W. Morningstar. Improvement of lower extremity electrodiagnostic findings following a trial of spinal manipulation and motion-based therapy. Chiropr.Osteopat. 14:20, 2006.

S. Mudge, L. Rochester, and A. Recordon. The effect of treadmill training on gait, balance and trunk control in a hemiplegic subject: a single system design. Disabil.Rehabil. 25 (17):1000-1007, 2003.

G. P. Paulk and D. E. Harrison. Management of a chronic lumbar disk herniation with chiropractic biophysics methods after failed chiropractic manipulative intervention. J.Manipulative Physiol Ther. 27 (9):579, 2004.

M. Rahlin. TAMO therapy as a major component of physical therapy intervention for an infant with congenital muscular torticollis: a case report. Pediatr.Phys.Ther. 17 (3):209-218, 2005.

J. Rainville, C. Hartigan, C. Jouve, and E. Martinez. The influence of intense exercise-based physical therapy program on back pain anticipated before and induced by physical activities. Spine J. 4 (2):176-183, 2004.

S. E. Ross and K. M. Guskiewicz. Effect of coordination training with and without stochastic resonance stimulation on dynamic postural stability of subjects with functional ankle instability and subjects with stable ankles. Clin.J.Sport Med. 16 (4):323-328, 2006.

G. Schalow and P. Jaigma. Improvement after severe traumatic brain injury induced by coordination dynamics therapy: comparison with physiologic CNS development. Electromyogr.Clin.Neurophysiol. 46 (4):195-209, 2006.

L. Sheppard, H. Mudie, and E. Froude. An investigation of bilateral isokinematic training and neurodevelopmental therapy in improving use of the affected hand in children with hemiplegia. Phys.Occup.Ther.Pediatr. 27 (1):5-25, 2007.

D. D. Sherry, C. A. Wallace, C. Kelley, M. Kidder, and L. Sapp. Short- and long-term outcomes of children with complex regional pain syndrome type I treated with exercise therapy. Clin.J.Pain 15 (3):218-223, 1999.

B. A. Smith, M. Kubo, D. P. Black, K. G. Holt, and B. D. Ulrich. Effect of practice on a novel taskwalking on a treadmill: preadolescents with and without Down syndrome. Phys.Ther. 87 (6):766-777, 2007.

T. M. Steffen, B. F. Boeve, L. A. Mollinger-Riemann, and C. M. Petersen. Long-term locomotor training for gait and balance in a patient with mixed progressive supranuclear palsy and corticobasal degeneration. Phys.Ther. 87 (8):1078-1087, 2007.

T. A. Torstensen, H. D. Meen, and M. Stiris. The effect of medical exercise therapy on a patient with chronic supraspinatus tendinitis. Diagnostic ultrasoundtissue regeneration: a case study. J.Orthop.Sports Phys.Ther. 20 (6):319-327, 1994.

J. Y. Tsauo, H. Y. Lee, J. H. Hsu, C. Y. Chen, and C. J. Chen. Physical exercise and health education for neck and shoulder complaints among sedentary workers. J.Rehabil.Med. 36 (6):253-257, 2004.

W. Y. Wang and J. J. Chang. Effects of jumping skill training on walking balance for children with mental retardation and Downs syndrome. Kaohsiung.J.Med.Sci. 13 (8):487-495, 1997.

S. L. Whitney, D. M. Wrisley, K. E. Brown, and J. M. Furman. Physical therapy for migraine-related vestibulopathy and vestibular dysfunction with history of migraine. Laryngoscope 110 (9):1528-1534, 2000.

S. H. Wigers and A. Finset. [Rehabilitation of chronic myofascial pain disorders]. Tidsskr.Nor Laegeforen. 127 (5):604-608, 2007.

D. Yang, Y. K. Vandongen, and M. C. Stacey. Effect of exercise on calf muscle pump function in patients with chronic venous disease. Br.J.Surg. 86 (3):338-341, 1999.

K. Abelson, G. B. Langley, H. Sheppeard, M. Vlieg, and R. D. Wigley. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation in rheumatoid arthritis. N.Z.Med.J. 96 (727):156-158, 1983.

G. Aydin, S. Tomruk, I. Keles, S. O. Demir, and S. Orkun. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation versus baclofen in spasticity: clinical and electrophysiologic comparison. Am.J.Phys.Med.Rehabil. 84 (8):584-592, 2005.

S. Ballegaard, S. J. Christophersen, S. G. Dawids, J. Hesse, and N. V. Olsen. Acupuncture and transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation in the treatment of pain associated with chronic pancreatitis. A randomized study. Scand.J.Gastroenterol. 20 (10):1249-1254, 1985.

A. Bertalanffy, A. Kober, P. Bertalanffy, B. Gustorff, O. Gore, S. Adel, and K. Hoerauf. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation reduces acute low back pain during emergency transport. Acad.Emerg.Med. 12 (7):607-611, 2005.

E. K. Chee and H. Walton. Treatment of trigger points with microamperage transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)(the Electro-Acuscope 80). J.Manipulative Physiol Ther. 9 (2):131-134, 1986.

G. L. Cheing and C. W. Hui-Chan. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation: nonparallel antinociceptive effects on chronic clinical pain and acute experimental pain. Arch.Phys.Med.Rehabil. 80 (3):305-312, 1999.

G. L. Cheing, C. W. Hui-Chan, and K. M. Chan. Does four weeks of TENS and/or isometric exercise produce cumulative reduction of osteoarthritic knee pain? Clin.Rehabil. 16 (7):749-760, 2002.

G. L. Cheing and C. W. Hui-Chan. Would the addition of TENS to exercise training produce better physical performance outcomes in people with knee osteoarthritis than either intervention alone? Clin.Rehabil. 18 (5):487-497, 2004.

G. L. Cheing and M. L. Luk. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for neuropathic pain. J.Hand Surg.[Br.] 30 (1):50-55, 2005.

T. T. Chiu, C. W. Hui-Chan, and G. Chein. A randomized clinical trial of TENS and exercise for patients with chronic neck pain. Clin.Rehabil. 19 (8):850-860, 2005.

M. Y. Dawood and J. Ramos. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea: a randomized crossover comparison with placebo TENS and ibuprofen. Obstet.Gynecol. 75 (4):656-660, 1990.

S. Farina, M. Casarotto, M. Benelle, M. Tinazzi, A. Fiaschi, M. Goldoni, and N. Smania. A randomized controlled study on the effect of two different treatments (FREMS AND TENS) in myofascial pain syndrome. Eura.Medicophys. 40 (4):293-301, 2004.

V. Finsen, L. Persen, M. Lovlien, E. K. Veslegaard, M. Simensen, A. K. Gasvann, and P. Benum. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation after major amputation. J.Bone Joint Surg.Br. 70 (1):109-112, 1988.

T. Forst, M. Nguyen, S. Forst, B. Disselhoff, T. Pohlmann, and A. Pfutzner. Impact of low frequency transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on symptomatic diabetic neuropathy using the new Salutaris device. Diabetes Nutr.Metab 17 (3):163-168, 2004.

S. B. Graff-Radford, J. L. Reeves, R. L. Baker, and D. Chiu. Effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on myofascial pain and trigger point sensitivity. Pain 37 (1):1-5, 1989.

D. J. Grant, J. Bishop-Miller, D. M. Winchester, M. Anderson, and S. Faulkner. A randomized comparative trial of acupuncture versus transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for chronic back pain in the elderly. Pain 82 (1):9-13, 1999.

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  44. Koes BW, Bouter LM, van Mameren H, Essers AH, Verstegen GM, Hofhuizen DM, Houben JP, Knipschild PG. The effectiveness of manual therapy, physiotherapy, and treatment by the general practitioner for nonspecific back and neck complaints. A randomized clinical trial. Spine 1992;17(1):28-35.
  45. Koes BW, Bouter LM, van Mameren H, Essers AH, Verstegen GM, Hofhuizen DM, Houben JP, Knipschild PG. A blinded randomized clinical trial of manual therapy and physiotherapy for chronic back and neck complaints: physical outcome measures. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 1992;15(1):16-23.
  46. Licciardone JC, Stoll ST, Fulda KG, Russo DP, Siu J, Winn W, et al. Osteopathic manipulative treatment for chronic low back pain: a randomized controlled trial. Spine 2003; 28:1355-62.
  47. MacDonald RS, Bell CMJ. An open controlled assessment of osteopathic manipulation in nonspecific low-back pain. Spine 1990; 15:364-70.
  48. Maigne JY, Chatellier G, Faou ML, Archambeau M. The treatment of cronic coccydynia with intrarectal manipulation : a randomized controlled study. Spine 2006; 31(18):E621-E627.
  49. Mathews JA, Mills SB, Jenkins VM et al. Back pain and sciatica: controlled trials of manipulation, traction, sclerosant and epidural injections. Br J Rheumatol 1987; 26: 416-23.
  50. Meade TW, Dyer S, Browne W, Townsend J, Frank AQ. Low back pain of mechanical origin: randomized comparison of chiropractic and hospital outpatient treatments. BMJ 1990; 300:1431-37.
  51. Meade TW, Dyer S, Browne W, Frank AO. Randomized comparison of chiropractic and hospital outpatient management for low back pain: results from extended follow up.  British Med J 1995;311:349-351.
  52. Muller R, Giles LG. Long-term follow-up of a randomized clinical trial assessing the efficacy of medication, acupuncture, and spinal manipulation for chronic mechanical spinal pain syndromes. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2005 Jan;28(1):3-11.
  53. Ongley MJ, Klein RG, Dorman TA, Eek BC, Hubert LJ. A new approach to the treatment of chronic low back pain. Lancet 1987;2:143-146.
  54. Pope MH, Phillips RB, Haugh LD, Hsich CY, MacDonald L, Haldeman S. A prospective randomized three-week trial of spinal manipulation, transcutaneous muscle stimulation, massage and corset in the treatment of subacute low back pain. Spine 1994; 19: 2571-77.
  55. Postacchini F, Facchini M, Palieri P. Efficacy of various forms of conservative treatment in low back pain. A comparative study. Neuro Orthop 1988; 6;28-35.
  56. Rasmussen GG. Manipulation in treatment of low back pain. A randomized clinical trial. Manuelle Med 1979;1:8-10
  57. Rasmussen-Barr E, Nilsson-Wikmar L, Arvidsson I. Stabilizing training compared with manual treatment in sub-acute and chronic low-back pain. Man Ther. 2003 Nov;8(4):233-41.
  58. Rupert RL, Wagnon R, Thompson P, Ezzeldin MT. Chiropractic adjustments: results of a controlled clinical trial in Egypt. ICA Int Rev Chiropr 1985;58-60.
  59. Santilli V, Beghi E, Finucci S. Chiropractic manipulation in the treatment of acute back pain and sciatica with disc protrusion: a randomized double-blind clinical trial of active and simulated spinal manipulation. Spine J 2006;6(2):131-37.
  60. Seferlis T, Nemeth G, Carlsson AM, Gillstrom P. Conservative treatment in patients sick-listed for acute low-back pain: a prospective randomised study with 12 months follow-up. Eur Spine J. 1998;7(6):461-70.
  61. Shearar KA, Colloca CJ, White HL. A randomized clinical trial of manual versus mechanical force manipulation in the treatment of sacroiliac joint syndrome. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2005 Sep;28(7):493-501.
  62. Sims-Williams H, Jayson MI, Young SM, Baddeley H, Collins E. Controlled trial of mobilisation and manipulation for low back pain: hospital patients. Br Med J. 1979;2(6201):1318-20.
  63. Sims-Williams H, Jayson MI, Young SM, Baddeley H, Collins E. Controlled trial of mobilisation and manipulation for patients with low back pain in general practice. Br Med J. 1978;2(6148):1338-40.
  64. Skargren EI, Oberg BE, Carlsson PG, Gade M. Cost and effectiveness analysis of Chiropractic and physiotherapy treatment for low back and neck pain. Six-months follow-up. Spine 1997; 22:2167-77.
  65. Skargren EI, Carlsson PG, Oberg BE. One-year follow-up comparison of the cost and effectiveness of chiropractic and physiotherapy as primary management for low back pain. Subgroup analysis, recurrence, and additional health care utilization. Spine 1998; 23:1875-84.
  66. Timm KE. A randomized-control study of active and passive treatments for chronic low back pain following L5 laminectomy. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 1994;20:276-286.
  67. Triano JJ, McGregor M, Hondras MA, Brennen PC. Manipulative therapy versus education programs in chronic low back pain. Spine 1995; 20:948-55.
  68. UK BEAM Trial Team. United Kingdom back pain exercise and manipulation (UK BEAM) randomised trial: effectiveness of physical treatments for back pain in primary care. BMJ. 2004 Dec 11;329(7479):1377. Epub 2004 Nov 19.
  69. Wand BM, Bird C, McAuley JH, Doré CJ, MacDowell M, De Souza LH. Early intervention for the management of acute low back pain: a single-blind randomized controlled trial of biopsychosocial education, manual therapy, and exercise.  Spine. 2004 Nov 1;29(21):2350-6.
  70. Waagen GN, Haldeman S, Cook G, Lopez D, DeBoer KF. Short term trial of chiropractic adjustments for the relief of chronic low back pain. Manual Med 1986;2:63-67.
  71. Waterworth RF, Hunter IA. An open study of diffunisal, conservative and manipulation therapy in the management of acute mechanical low back pain. N Z Med J 1985;98:372-375.
  72. Williams NH, Wilkinson C, Russell I, Edwards RT, Hibbs R, Linck P, et al. Randomized osteopathic manipulation study (ROMANS): pragmatic trial for spinal pain in primary care. Fam Pract 2003; 20:662-69.
  73. Wreje U, Nordgren B, Aberg H. Treatment of pelvic joint dysfunction in primary care- a controlled study. Scand J Prim Health  Care 1992; 10: 310-15..
  74. Zylbergold RS, Piper MC. Lumbar disc disease: comparative analysis of physical therapy treatments. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1981;62:176-179.

Headaches, Neck pain, & Upper Back Pain RCTs

  1. Allison GT, Nagy BM, Hall T. A randomized clinical trial of manual therapy for cervico-brachial pain syndrome: A pilot study. Manual Ther 2002;7:95-102.
  2. Boline PD, Kassak K, Bronfort G, Nelson C, Anderson AV. Spinal manipulation vs. amitriptyline for the treatment of chronic tension-type headaches: a randomized clinical trial. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1995;18:148-154.
  3. Bove G, Nilsson N. Spinal manipulation in the treatment of episodic tension-type headache: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 1998;280:1576-1579.
  4. Brodin H. Cervical pain and mobilization. Manuelle Medizin. 1982;20:90-4.
  1. Bronfort G, Evans R, Nelson B, Aker P, Goldsmith C, Vernon H. A randomized clinical trial of exercise and spinal manipulation for patients with chronic neck pain. Spine 2001; 26:788-99.
  2. Giles LGF, Muller R. Chronic spinal pain syndromes : a clinical pilot trial comparing acupuncture, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, and spinal manipulation. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 1999; 22:376-81.
  3. Giles LGF, Muller R. Chronic spinal pain: a randomized clinical trial comparing medication, acupuncture, and spinal manipulation. Spine 2003;28(14):1490-502; discussion 1502-3.
  4. Haas M, Haas M, Groupp E, Aickin M, Fairweather A, Ganger B, Attwood M, Cummins C, Baffes L. Dose response for chiropractic care of chronic cervicogenic headache and associated neck pain: a randomized pilot study. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2004;27:547-55
  5. Hemmila HM. Bone setting for prolonged neck pain: a randomized clinical trial. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2005;28(7):508-15.
  6. Hoving JL, Koes BW, de Vet HC, van der Windt DA, Assendelft WJ, van Mameren H, Devillé WL, Pool JJ, Scholten RJ, Bouter LM. Manual therapy, physical therapy, or continued care by a general practitioner for patients with neck pain. A randomized, controlled trial. Ann Intern Med. 2002;21;136(10):713-22.
  7. Hoving JL, de Vet HC, Koes BW, Mameren H, Devillé WL, van der Windt DA,
    Assendelft WJ, Pool JJ, Scholten RJ, Korthals-de Bos IB, Bouter LM. Manual therapy, physical therapy, or continued care by the general practitioner for patients with neck pain: long-term results from a pragmatic randomized clinical trial. Clin J Pain 2006;22(4):370-7.
  8. Howe DH, Newcombe RG, Wade MT. Manipulation of the cervical spine. A pilot study. J R Coll Gen Pract 1983; 33:574-79.
  9. Hurwitz EL, Morgenstern H, Harber P, Kominski GF, Yu F, Adams AH. A randomized trial of chiropractic manipulation and mobilization for patients with neck pain: clinical outcomes from the UCLA neck-pain study. Am J Public Health 2002; 92:1634-41.
  1. Cassidy JD, Lopes AA, Yong-Hing K. The immediate effect of manipulation versus mobilization on pain and range of motion in the cervical spine: a randomized controlled trial. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1992;15:570-5.
  2. Cleland JA, Childs JD, McRae M, Palmer JA, Stowell T. Immediate effects of thoraci manipulation in patients with neck pain: a randomized clinical trial. Man Ther 2005 May;10(2):127-35.
  3. Cleland JA, Glynn P, Whitman JM, Eberhart SL, MacDonald C, Childs JD. Short-term effects of thrust versus nonthrust mobilization/manipulation directed at the thoracic spine in patients with neck pain: a randomized clinical trial. Phys Ther. 2007 Apr;87(4):431-40. Epub 2007 Mar 6
  4. Coppieters MW, Stappaerts KH.  The immediate effects of manual therapy in patients with cervicobrachial pain on neural origin: A pilot study. In: Singer KP, eds. IFOMT 2000: International Federation of Orthopaedic Manipulative Therapists in conjunction with the 11th biennial conference of the manipulative physiotherpists association of Australia. Perth: The University of Western Australia; 2000: Poster 7.
  5. Coppieters MW, Stappaerts KH, Wouters LL, et al.  Aberrant protective force generation during neural provocation testing and the effect of treatment in patients with neurogenic cervicogenic pain. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2003; 26:99-106.
  6. Coppieters MW, Stappaerts KH, Wouters LL, et al.  Immediate effect of a cervical lateral glide treatment technique in patients with neurogenic cervicobrachial pain. JOSPT 2003; 33:369-378.
  7. Donkin RD, Parkin-Smith GF, Gomes AN. Possible effect of chiropratic manipulation and combined manual traction and manipulation on tension-type headache: a pilot study. J Neuromusculoskeletal Syst. 2002;10:89-97.
  8. Evans R, Bronfort G, Nelson B, Goldsmith CH. Two-year follow-up of a randomized clinical trial of spinal manipulation and two types of exercise for patients with chronic neck pain. Spine 2002;27(21):2383-9
  1. Hoyt WH, Shaffer F, Bard DA, Benesler JS, Blankenhorn GD, Gray JH, et al. Osteopathic manipulation in the treatment of muscle-contraction headache. J Am Osteopath Assoc. 1979;78:322-5.
  1. Hurwitz EL, Morgenstern H, Vassilaki M, Chiang LM. Adverse reactions to chiropractic treatment and their effects on satisfaction and clinical outcomes among patients enrolled in the UCLA Neck Pain Study. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2004;27:16-25.
  2. Jensen OK, Nielsen FF, Vosmar L. An open study comparing manual therapy with the use of cold packs in the treatment of post-traumatic headache. Cephalalgia. 1990;10:241-50.
  3. Jordan A, Bendix T, Nielsen H, Hansen FR, Høst D, Winkel A. Intensive training, physiotherapy, or manipulation for patients with chronic neck pain. A prospective, single-blinded, randomized clinical trial. Spine 1998;23:311-8; discussion 319.
  4. Jull G, Trott P, Potter H, et al. A randomized controlled trial of exercise and manipulative therapy for cervicogenic headache. Spine 2002;27:1835-1843; discussion 1843.
  5. Karlberg M, Magnusson M, Eva-Maj M, et al. Postural and symptomatic improvement after physiotherapy in patients with dizziness of suspected cervical origin. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1996;77:874-882.
  6. Koes BW, Bouter LM, van Mameren H, Essers AH, Verstegen GM, Hofhuizen DM, et al. The effectiveness of manual therapy, physiotherapy, and treatment by the general practitioner for nonspecific back and neck complaints. A randomized clinical trial. Spine 1992;17:28-35.
  7. Koes BW, Bouter LM, van Mameren H, Essers AH, Verstegen GJ, Hofhuizen DM, et al. A randomized clinical trial of manual therapy and physiotherapy for persistent back and neck complaints: subgroup analysis and relationship between outcome measures. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1993;16:211-9.
  8. McKinney LA. Early mobilisation and outcome in acute sprains of the neck. BMJ. 1989;299:1006-8.
  9. McReynolds TM, Sheridan BJ. Intramuscular ketorolac versus osteopathic manipulative treatment in the management of acute neck pain in the emergency department: a randomized clinical trial. J Am Osteopath Assoc 2005 February;105(2):57-68.
  10. Mealy K, Brennan H, Fenelon GC. Early mobilization of acute whiplash injuries. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1986;292:656-7.
  11. Nelson CF, Bronfort G, Evans R, Boline P, Goldsmith C, Anderson AV. The efficacy of spinal manipulation, amitriptyline and the combination of both therapies for the prophylaxis of migraine headache. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1998;21:511-9.
  12. Nilsson N. A randomized controlled trial of the effect of spinal manipulation in the treatment of cervicogenic headache. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 1995;18:435-440.
  13. Nilsson N, Christensen HW, Hartvigsen J. Lasting changes in passive range of motion after spinal manipulation: A randomized, blind, control trial. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1996;19:165-168.
  14. Nilsson N, Christensen HW, Hartvigsen J. The effect of spinal manipulation in the treatment of cervicogenic headache. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 1997;20:326-330.
  15. Nordemar R, Thorner C. Treatment of acute cervical pain: a comparative group study. Pain 1981;10:93-101.
  16. Palmgren PJ, Sandström PJ, Lundqvist FJ, Heikkilä H. Improvement after chiropractic care in cervicocephalic kinesthetic sensibility and subjective pain intensity in patients with nontraumatic chronic neck pain. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2006 Feb;29(2):100-6
  17. Parkin-Smith GF, Penter CS. A clinical trial investigating the possible effect of two  manipulative approaches in the treatment of mechanical neck pain: a pilot study. J Neuromusculoskel System 1998;6:6-10.
  18. Parker GB, Tupling H, Pryor DS. A controlled trial of cervical manipulation of migraine. Aust N Z J Med. 1978;8:589-93.
  19. Savolainen A, Ahlberg J, Nummila H, Nissinen M. Active or passive treatment for neck-shoulder pain in occupational health care? A randomized controlled trial. Occup Med (Lond) 2004;54(6):422-4.
  20. Skargren EI, Oberg BE, Carlsson PG, Gade M. Cost and effectiveness analysis of chiropractic and physiotherapy treatment for low back and neck pain. Six-month follow-up. Spine. 1997;22:2167-77.
  21. Skargren EI, Carlsson PG, Oberg BE. One-year follow-up comparison of the cost and effectiveness of chiropractic and physiotherapy as primary management for back pain. Subgroup analysis, recurrence, and additional health care utilization. Spine 1998;23: 1875-83; discussion 1884.
  22. Skillgate E, Vingård E, Alfredsson L. Naprapathic manual therapy or evidence-based care for back and neck pain: a randomized, controlled trial. Clin J Pain. 2007 Jun;23(5):431-9
  23. Sloop PR, Smith DS, Goldenberg E, Dore´ C. Manipulation for chronic neck pain. A double-blind controlled study. Spine 1982;7:532-5.
  24. Tuchin PJ, Pollard H, Bonello R. A randomized controlled trial of chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy for migraine. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2000;23:91-95.
  25. van Schalkwyk R, Parkin-Smith GF. A clinical trial investigating the possible effect of the supine cervical rotary manipulation and the supine lateral break manipulation in the treatment of mechanical neck pain: a pilot study. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2000; 23:24-31.
  26. Vernon HT, Aker P, Burns S, Viljakaanen S, Short L. Pressure pain threshold evaluation of the effect of spinal manipulation in the treatment of chronic neck pain: a pilot study. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 1990;13:13-6.
  27. Whittingham W, Nilsson N. Active range of motion in the cervical spine increases after spinal manipulation (toggle recoil). J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2001;24(9):552-5.
  28. Williams NH, Wilkinson C, Russell I, Edwards RT, Hibbs R, Linck P, Muntz R. Randomized osteopathic manipulation study (ROMANS): Pragmatic trial for spinal pain in primary care. Family Practice 2003; 20(6):662-669.
  29. Wood TG, Colloca CJ, Matthews R. A pilot randomized clinical trial on the relative effects of instrument (MFMA) versus manual (HVLA) manipulation in the treatment of cervical spine dysfunction. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2001; 24:260-271.
  30. Ylinen J, Kautiainen H, Wirén K, Häkkinen A. Stretching exercises vs manual therapy in treatment of chronic neck pain: a randomized, controlled cross-over trial. J Rehabil Med 2007 Mar;39(2):126-32.
  31. Yurkiw D, Mior S. Comparison of two chiropractic techniques on pain and lateral flexion in neck pain patients: a pilot study. Chiropractic Techniques 1996; 8(4), 155-162.
  32. Zaproudina N, Hanninen OOP, Airaksinen O. Effectiveness of traditional bone setting in chronic neck pain: randomized clinical trial. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2007; 30(6): 432-437.

Validity of Analysis

  1. Harrison DD, Harrison DE, Betz JW, Ferrantelli JR, Maltby JK, Clum G. Pain Data from RCTs on Low Back Pain with SMT as the Treatment do not Support a Restrictive Chiropractic Care Plan of 6-12 Visits. 2008; in review.
  2. Harrison DD, Harrison DE, Betz JW, Ferrantelli JR, Maltby JK, Clum G. SMT Pain Data from RCTs on Neck Pain and Headaches do not Support a Restrictive Chiropractic Care Plan of 6-12 Visits. 2008; in review.
  3. Childs JD, Piva SR, Fritz JM. Responsiveness of the numeric pain rating scale in patients with low back pain. Spine. 2005 Jun 1;30(11):1331-4.
  4. Coulter ID, Hurwitz EL, Aronow HU, et al: Chiropractic patients in a comprehensive home-based geriatric assessment, follow-up and health promotion program.  Topics in Clinical Chiropractic 1996;3(2):46.
  1. The Medicare Program: A Brief Overview Research Report . Craig Caplan, AARP Public Policy Institute February 2005.
  1. Rupert RL, Manello D, Sandefur R. Maintenance care: health promotion services administered to US chiropractic patients aged 65 and older, part II. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2000 Jan;23(1):10-19
  2. Muse & Associates.  Utilization, cost, and effects of chiropractic care on Medicare program costs.  Washington, DC.  2001.
  3. Catlin A, Cowan C, Heffler S, Washington B; National Health Expenditure Accounts Team. National health spending in 2005: the slowdown continues. Health Affairs (Millwood). 2007 Jan-Feb;26(1):142-53.
  4. US Agency for Health Care Research and Quality Issue 2002, Newsletter June 9, 2006.
  5. Harrison DE, Harrison DD, Cailliet R, Janik TJ, Holland B. Changes in Sagittal Lumbar Configuration with a New Method of Extension Traction: Non-randomized Clinical Control Trial. Arch Phys Med Rehab 2002;83(11):1585-1591.
  6. Harrison DE, Harrison DD, Betz J, Colloca CJ, Janik TJ, Holland B. Increasing the Cervical Lordosis with Seated Combined Extension-Compression and Transverse Load Cervical Traction with Cervical Manipulation: Non-randomized Clinical Control Trial.  J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2003; 26(3): 139-151.
  7. Harrison DE, Cailliet R, Harrison DD, Janik TJ, Holland B. New 3-Point Bending Traction Method of Restoring Cervical Lordosis Combined with Cervical Manipulation: Non-randomized Clinical Control Trial. Arch Phys Med Rehab 2002; 83(4): 447-453.
  8. Harrison DE, Harrison DD, Haas JW, Betz JW, Janik TJ, Holland B. Conservative Methods to Correct Lateral Translations of the Head: A Non-randomized Clinical Control Trial. J Rehab Res Devel 2004; 41(4):631-640.
  9. Harrison DE, Cailliet R, Betz JW, Harrison DD, Haas JW, Janik TJ, Holland B. Harrison Mirror Image Methods for Correcting Trunk List: A Non-randomized Clinical Control Trial. Euro Spine J 2005; 14(2): 155-162.

Medicare

  1. Chiropractic Services in the Medicare Program: Payment Vulnerability Analysis. June 21, 2005. Office of the Inspector General (OIG) of the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).
  2. Rudy TE, Weiner DK, Lieber SJ, Slaboda J, Boston JR. The impact of chronic low back pain on older adults: A comparative study of patients and controls. Pain 2007; 131:293-301.
  3. Helme RD, Gibson SJ. Pain in older people. In: Crombie IK, editor. Epidemiology of Pain. Seattle: IASP Press; 1999. p. 103–12.
  4. Thomas E, Peat G, Harris L, Wilkie R, Croft PR. The prevalence of pain and pain interference in a general population of older adults: cross-sectional findings from the North Staffordshire Osteoarthritis Project (NorStOP). Pain 2004;110:361–8.
  5. Hartvigsen J, Christensen K, Frederiksen H. Back pain remains a common symptom in old age A population-based study of 4486 Danish twins aged 70–102. Eur Spine J 2003;12:528–34.
  6. Weiner D, Pieper C, McConnell E, Martinez S, Keefe F. Pain measurement in elders with chronic low back pain: Traditional and alternative approaches. Pain 1996;67:461–7.
  1. Bakris, George L MD; Dickholtz, M Dc; Meyer Pm; Kravitz, G; Avery E; Miller M; Brown, J. Atlas Vertebra Realignment And Achievement Of Arterial Pressure Goal In Hypertensive Patients: A Pilot Study.   Journal of Human Hypertension  2007; :1-6.
  2. Blunt, Kelli L DC; Rajwani, Moez H Dc; Guerierro, Rocco C Dc. The Effectiveness Of Chiropractic Management Of Fibromyalgia Patients: A Pilot Study..   Journal Of Manipulative And Physiologic Therapeutics  1997; 20:389-399.
  3. Boline, PD; Kassak, K; Bronfort, G; Nelson, C; Anderson, AV. Spinal Manipulation Vs. Amitriptyline For The Treatment Of Chronic Tension-Type Headaches:  A Randomized Clinical Trial..   Journal Of Manipulative And Physiologic Therapeutics  1995; 18:148-154.
  4. Erhard, Richard E., PT; Delitto, Anthony, PT; Cibulka, PT. Relative Effectiveness Of An Extension Program And Combined Program Of Manipulation And Flexion And Extension Exercises In Patients With Acute Low Back Syndrome.   Physical Therapy  1994; 74:1093-1100.
  5. Farrell, Joseph P. PT; Twomey, Lance T. PT. Acute Low Back Pain.   Medical Journal Of Australia  1982; :160-164.
  6. Ferreira, Manuela L; Ferreira, Paulo; Latimer, Jane;  Herbert, Robert; Hodges, Paul; Jennings, Matthew; Maher, Christopher; Refshauge, Kathryn. Comparison Of General Exercise, Motor Control Exercise And Spinal Manipulative Therapy For Chronic Low Back Pain: A Randomized Trial.   Pain  2007; 131:31-37.
  7. Gemmell, Hugh A. Treatment Of Chronic Low Back Pain With Low Force Manipulation..   Chiropractic Journal Of Australia  1992; 22:54-60.
  8. Hoving, Jan L PT PhD; Koes, Bart W PhD; de Vet, Henrica C W PhD; van der Windt, Danielle A W M PhD; Assendelft, Willem J J MD PhD; van Mameren, Henk MD PhD; Deville, Walter L J M MD PhD; Pool, Jan J M PT; Scholten, Rob J P M MD PhD; Bouter, Lex M PhD. Manual Therapy, Physical Therapy, Or Continued Care By A General Practitioner For Patients With Neck Pain.   Annals Of Internal Medicine  2002; 136:713-722.
  9. Hurwitz, Eric L. DC PhD; Morgenstern, Hal PhD; Harber, Phillip MD MPH; Belin, Thomas R. hD; Fei Yu, PhD; Adams Alan H. DC; Kominski, Gerald F. PhD. The Effectiveness Of Physical Modalities Among Patients With Low Back Pain Randomized To Chiropractic Care: Findings From The Ucla Low Pain Study.   Journal Of Manipulative And Physiologic Therapeutics  2002; 25:10-20.
  10. Kessinger R; Boneva D. Changes In Visual Acuity In Patients Receiving Upper Cervical Specific Chiropractic Care.   Journal Of Vertebral Subluxation Research  1998; 2:43-49.
  11. Licciardone, John C DO; Stoll, Scott T DO; Fulda, Kimberly G MPH; Russo, David P DO; Siu, Jeff A BA; Winn, William DO; Swift, Jon Jr  DO. Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment For Chronic Low Back Pain.   Spine  2003; 28:1355-1362.
  12. MacDonald, Roderic, S MB, BS; Bell, C.M. Phd. An Open Controlled Assessment Of Osteopathic Manipulation In Nonspecific Low-Back Pain.   Spine  1990; 15:364-370.
  13. Meade, T W; Dyer, S; Browne, W; Townsend, J; Frank, A O. Low Back Pain Of Mechanical Origin: Randomized Comparison Of Chiropractic And Hospital Outpatient Treatment.   European Journal Of Chiropractic  1990; 38:1431-1437.
  14. Nelson, Craig F DC MS; Bronfort, Gert; Evans, Roni; Boline, Pat; Goldsmith, Charlie; Anderson, A.V.. The Efficacy Of Spinal Manipulation, Amitriptyline And The Combination Of Both Therapies For The Prophylaxis Of Migraine Headache.   Journal Of Manipulative And Physiologic Therapeutics  1998; 21:511-519.
  15. Ongley; Klein; Dorman; Eek; Hubert. A New Approach To The Treatment Of Chronic Low Back Pain.   The Lancet  1987; :143-146.
  16. Rupert, Ronald L. MS, DC; Wagnon, Robert PhD; Thompson, Patricia DC. Chiropractic Adjustments:  Results Of A Controlled Clinical Trial In Egypt.  Ica International Review Of Chiropractic  1985; :58-60.
  17. Santilli, Valter, MD; Beghi, Ettore, MD; Finucci, Stefano, MD. Chiropractic Manipulation In The Treatment Of Acute Back Pain And Sciatica With Disc Protrusion: A Randomized Double-Blind Clinical Trial Of Active And Simulated Spinal Manipulation.   The Spine Journal  2006; 6:131-137.
  18. Saunders, Stephen E DC; Woggon, Dennis BS, DC; Cohen, Christian BS, DC; Robinson, David H PhD. Improvement Of Cervical Lordosis And Reduction Of Forward Head Posture With Anterior Head Weighting And Proprioceptive Balancing Protocols.   Journal Of Vertebral Subluxation Research  2003; April:1-5.
  19. Sims-Williams, H  MB CHB; Jayson, M MD; Young, S MCSP; Baddeley, H DMRD; Collins, E BSC. Controlled Trial Of Mobilisation And Manipulation For Patients With Lowback Pain In General Practice.   British Medical Journal  1978; 2:1338-1340.
  20. Skargren, EI; Oberg, BE; Carlsson, PG; Gade, M. Cost Effectiveness Analysis Of Chiropractic And Physiotherapy Treatment For Low Back And Neck Pain.  Six Month Follow-Up..   Spine  1997; 22:2167-2177.
  21. Stakes, Neil Osmond; Myburgh, Corrie; Brantingham, James; Moyer, Randal; Jensen, Muffit; Globe, Gary. A Prospective Randomized Clinical Trial To Determine Efficacy Of Combined Spinal Manipulation And Patella Mobilization Compared To Patella Mobilization Alone In The Conservative Management Of Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome.   Journal Of The American Chiropractic Association  2006; :11-18.
  22. Tuchin, Peter J GRADDIPCHIRO; Pollard, Henry GradDipChiro, GradDipAppSc; Bonello, Rod DC, DO. A Randomized Controlled Trial Of Chiropractic Spinal Manipulative Therapy For Migraine.   Journal Of Manipulative And Physiologic Therapeutics  2000; 23:91-95.
  23. Williams, Nefyn H; Wilkinson, C; Russell, I; Edwards, RT; Hibbs, R; Linck, P; Muntz, R. Randomized Osteopathic Manipulation Study (Romans):  Pragmatic Trial For Spinal Pain In Primary Care.  Family Practice  2003; 20:662-669.
  24. Zylbergold, Ruth S BSC, PT; Piper, Martha C. Lumbar Disc Disease:  Comparative Analysis Of Physical Therapy Treatments.  Archives Of Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation  1981; 62:176-179.
  25. Saunders, Stephen E DC; Woggon, Dennis BS, DC; Cohen, Christian BS, DC; Robinson, David H PhD. Improvement Of Cervical Lordosis And Reduction Of Forward Head Posture With Anterior Head Weighting And Proprioceptive Balancing Protocols.   Journal Of Vertebral Subluxation Research  2003; April:1-5.
  26. Brantingham, James W DC; Williams, AM; Parkin-Smith, GF; Weston, P; Wood, T. A Controlled, Prospective Pilot Study Of The Possible Effects Of Chiropractic Manipulation In The Treatment Of Osteoarthritis Of The Hip..   European Journal Of Chiropractic  2003; 51:149-166.
  27. Cagle, Peter L BGS, DC. Cervicogenic Vertigo And Chiropractic:  Managing A Single Case-A Case Report.  Journal Of The American Chiropractic Association  1995; May:83-84.
  28. Connolly, Robert E DC. An Effective Treatment Approach To Psoriasis.   Chiropractic Economics  1991; May/June:17-20.
  29. Knutson, Gary A DC. Thermal Asymmetry Of The Upper Extremity In Scalenus Anticus Syndrome, Leg Length Inequality And Response To Chiropractic Adjustment.   Journal Of Manipulative And Physiologic Therapeutics  1997; 20:476-481.
  30. Senstad, Ola  DC; Leboeuf-Yde, Charlotte DC, MPH, PhD ; Borchgrevink, Christian MD. Frequency And Characteristics Of Side Effects Of Spinal Manipulative Therapy.   Spine  1997; 22:435-440.
  31. Anglen RL. Care For Diabetics In A Chiropractic Office: Finding The Missing Pieces To Increase Human Health Productivity And Happiness.   The Internist  1998; 5:31-34.
  32. Barvinchack, John  DC. Manipulation Of An Aged Cervical Spine.   Chiropractic Economics  1973; :47-47.
  33. Beal, Myron C DO; Vorro J; Johnston WL. Chronic Cervical Dysfunction:  Correlation Of Myoelectric Findings With Clinical Progress.   Journal Of The American Osteopathic Association  1989; 89:891-900.
  34. Bedner, Eugene R DC, DACRB. Chiropractic Treatment Of Low Back And Bilateral Leg Pain Caused By L5 Retrolisthesis: A Case Study..   Journal Of Sports Chiropractic And Rehabilitation  1997; 11:151-155.
  35. Bergin J, . Clinical Rounds::  Case #1.  The Internist  1995; :9-11.
  36. Blanchard, M DC. Anemia.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :7-7.
  37. Blanchard, M DC. Angina Pectoris.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :8-8.
  38. Blanchard, M DC. Appendisitis.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :9-9.
  39. Blanchard, M DC. Arthritis.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :10-10.
  40. Blanchard, M DC. Bronchitis.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :12-12.
  41. Blanchard, M DC. Cancer.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :13-13.
  42. Blanchard, M DC. Colds.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :14-14.
  43. Blanchard, M DC. Constipation.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :15-15.
  44. Blanchard, M DC. Deafness.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :16-16.
  45. Blanchard, M DC. Dermatitis.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :17-17.
  46. Blanchard, M DC. Diabetes.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :18-18.
  47. Blanchard, M DC. Eczema.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :19-19.
  48. Blanchard, M DC. Enuresis.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :20-20.
  49. Blanchard, M DC. Epilepsy.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :21-21.
  50. Blanchard, M DC. Gall Bladder Trouble.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :22-22.
  51. Blanchard, M DC. Goiter.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :23-23.
  52. Blanchard, M DC. Hay Fever.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :24-24.
  53. Blanchard, M DC. Headaches.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :25-25.
  54. Blanchard, M DC. Heart Disease.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :26-26.
  55. Blanchard, M DC. Hemorrhoids.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :27-27.
  56. Blanchard, M DC. Herniated Disc.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :28-28.
  57. Blanchard, M DC. High Blood Pressure.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :29-29.
  58. Blanchard, M DC. Indigestion.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :30-30.
  59. Blanchard, M DC. Insomnia.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :31-31.
  60. Blanchard, M DC. Kidney Disorders.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :32-32.
  61. Blanchard, M DC. Liver Disorders.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :33-33.
  62. Blanchard, M DC. Low Blood Pressure.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :34-34.
  63. Blanchard, M DC. Lumbago.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :35-35.
  64. Blanchard, M DC. Mental Disorders.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :37-37.
  65. Blanchard, M DC. Migraine Headache.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :38-38.
  66. Blanchard, M DC. Multiple Sclerosis.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :39-39.
  67. Blanchard, M DC. Muscular Incoordination.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :40-40.
  68. Blanchard, M DC. Nervousness.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :42-42.
  69. Blanchard, M DC. Neuralgia.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :43-43.
  70. Blanchard, M DC. Neuritis.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :44-44.
  71. Blanchard, M DC. Paralysis.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :45-45.
  72. Blanchard, M DC. Prostate Trouble.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :47-47.
  73. Blanchard, M DC. Rheumatism.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :49-49.
  74. Blanchard, M DC. Sciatica.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :50-50.
  75. Blanchard, M DC. Sinusitis.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :51-51.
  76. Blanchard, M DC. Spinal Curvature.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :52-52.
  77. Blanchard, M DC. Stomach Trouble.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :53-53.
  78. Blanchard, M DC. Strabismus.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :54-54.
  79. Blanchard, M DC. Tic Douloureux.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :55-55.
  80. Blanchard, M DC. Asthma.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :11-11.
  81. Blanchard, M DC. Torticollis.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :56-56.
  82. Blanchard, M DC. Ulcers.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :57-57.
  83. Blanchard, M DC. Varicose Veins.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :58-58.
  84. Blanks, Robert H. I., Ph.D; Schuster, Tonya L PhD; Dobson, Marnie B.A.. A Retrospective Assessment Of Network Care Using A Survey Of Self-Related Health, Wellness And Quality Of Life.   Journal Of Vertebral Subluxation Research  1997; 1:1-16.
  85. Bryant, Tim C; Stauffer, William M BA; Simon, Glenn W DC. Cervical Spine Treatment Of Oculomotor Palsy:  A Case Report.  The American Chiropractor  1988; :38-39.
  86. Connelly DM; Rasmussen SA. The Effect Of Cranial Adjusting On Hypertension: A Case Report.   Chiropractic Technique  1998; 10:75-78.
  87. Cox, James M DC; Cox, James M II, DC. Chiropractic Treatment Of Lumbar Spine Synovial Cysts: A Report Of Two Cases.   Journal Of Manipulative And Physiologic Therapeutics  2005; 28:143-147.
  88. Crawford, Colin M; Cassidy, David J. DC; Burns, Stephen DC. Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy: A Report Of Two Cases.   Chiropractic Journal Of Australia  1995; 25:101-110.
  89. Cuthbert, Scott C. Proposed Mechanisms And Treatment Strategies For Motion Sickness Disorder::  A Case Series.  Journal Of Chiropractic Medicine  2006; 5:22-31.
  90. David, J ; Modi, S; Aluko, A; Robertshaw, C; Farebrother, J. Chronic Neck Pain: A Comparison Of Acupuncture Treatment And Physiotherapy.   British Journal Of Rheumatology  1998; 37:1118-1122.
  91. Diamond, Michael R DC. .   Aca Journal Of Chiropractic  1994; 31:25-27.
  92. Diduro, Joseph O. Improvement In Hearing After Chiropractic Care: A Case Series.   Chiropractic And Osteopathy  2006; 14:1-7.
  93. Dupriest, Michael C DC. Nonoperative Management Of Lumbar Spinal Stenosis.   Journal Of Manipulative And Physiologic Therapeutics  1993; 16:411-414.
  94. Elster, Erin L DC. Eighty-One Patients With Multiple Sclerosis And Parkinsons Disease Undergoing Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care To Correct Vertebral Subluxation:  A Retrospective Analysis.  Journal Of Vertebral Subluxation Research  2004; :1-9.
  95. Elster, Erin L.. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care For A Patient With Chronic Migraine Headaches With An Appendix Summarizing An Additional 100 Headache Cases.   Journal Of Vertebral Subluxation Research  2003; Aug 3:1-10.
  96. Gemmell, Hugh A. Cervical Spondolytic Radiculopathy Treated With The Meric Technique::  A Case Report..  Chiropractic Technique  1994; 6:14-16.
  97. Gleberzon, B . Successful Chiropractic Management Of A Centenarian Presenting With Bilateral Shoulder Pain Subsequent To A Fall.   Clinical Chiropractic  2005; 8:66-74.
  98. Gleberzon, B.. Successful Chiropractic Management Of A Centenarian Presenting With Bilateral Shoulder Pain Subsequent To A Fall..   Clinical Chiropractic  2005; 8:65-73.
  99. Haas, Jason W MD. Cbp And Geriatrics:  A Case Report.  American Journal Of Clinical Chiropractic  2004; 14:22-23.
  100. Haselden, P; Tepe, R; Zhang, J. Chiropractic Adjustments Reduced Urinary Incontinence:  See Notes Below.  Journal Of Chiropractic Education  2006; 20:113-113.
  101. Hildebrandt, Rw . Basic Chiropractic Procedural Manual.     1973; :228-231.
  102. Hildebrandt, Rw . Basic Chiropractic Procedural Manual.     1973; :232-233.
  103. Hildebrandt, Rw . Basic Chiropractic Procedural Manual.     1973; :235-236.
  104. Hildebrandt, Rw . Basic Chiropractic Procedural Manual.     1973; :236-239.
  105. Hildebrandt, Rw . Basic Chiropractic Procedural Manual.     1973; :240-243.
  106. Hildebrandt, Rw . Basic Chiropractic Procedural Manual.     1973; :248-249.
  107. Howard, Paul D.; Levitsky, Beth. Manual Therapy Intervention For A Patient With A Total Hip Arthroplasty Revision.   Journal Of Orthopaedic And Sportts Physical Therapy  2007; 37:763-768.
  108. Johnson I.. Low Force Chiropractic Adjustment And Post-Isometric Muscle Relaxation For The Ageing Cervical Spine::  A Case Study And Literature Review..  British Journal Of Chiropractic  2001; 5:50-59.
  109. Kadel, Roy E DC; Godbey, Wiliam D., DC; Davis, Barry P., PhD. Conservative And Chiropractic Treatment Of Meralgia Paresthetica: Review And Case Report..   Journal Of Manipulative And Physiologic Therapeutics  1982; 5:73-78.
  110. Kaufman, RL. Manipulative Reduction And Management Of Anterior Sternoclavicular Joint Dislocation.   Journal Of Manipulative And Physiologic Therapeutics  1997; 20:338-342.
  111. Kaur, Rashpal, A.. Co-Morbidity Of Low Back Pain And Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: A Case Report..   Clinical Chiropractic  2004; 7:67-72.
  112. Kesinger, Jack; Hayes, Jeffrey D.; Matthew, Stephen M.; Sandeur, M. R.. Improved Forced Expiratory Volume Following Chiropractic Adjustments Combined With Dietary Therapy And Exercise.   American Journal Of Chiropractic Medicine  1989; 2:61-63.
  113. Kessinger J; Hayes JD; Matthew SM; Sandefur MR. Improved Forced Expiratory Volume Following Chiropractc Adjustments Combined With Dietary Therapy And Exercise.   The Internist  1995; :17-18.
  114. Kessinger, RC; Boneva, DV. Vertigo, Tinnitis, And Hearing Loss In The Geriatric Patient.   Journal Of Manipulative And Physiologic Therapeutics  2000; 23:352-362.
  115. MacDonald, Cameron W; Whitman, Julie M; Cleland, Joshua A; Smith, Marcia; Hoeksma, Hugo L. Clinical Outocmes Following Manual Physical Therapy And Exercise For Hip Osteoarthritis::  A Case Series..  Journal Of Orthopedic And Sports Physical Therapy  2006; 36:588-599.
  116. McCoy, Harold G; McCoy, Matthew. A Multiple Parameter Assessment Of Whiplash Injury Undergoing Subluxation Based Chiropractic Care::  A Retrospective Study..  Journal Of Vertebral Subluxation Research  1997; 1:1-11.
  117. Meyer, Donald W. The Clinical Efficiency Of Z-Axis Translational Traction Of The Cervical Spine.   American Journal Of Clinical Chiropractic  1999; 9:10-11.
  118. Meyer, Donald W.. The Efficiency Of Ambulatory Forward Head Posture Reduction.   American Journal Of Clinical Chiropractic  2002; 12:26-28.
  119. Middleton, Joanne. Cervical Spondylosis And Ossification Of The Posterior Longitudinal Ligament: Case Report Of A Caucasian Patient.   Clinical Chiropractic  2005; 8:145-150.
  120. Miller, Brenda; Maxwell, J. Lawson; DeBoer, Kenneth F.. Chiropractic Treatment Of Tension Headache: A Case Study.   Aca Journal Of Chiropractic  1984; 18:62-70.
  121. Morningstar, Mark W DC. Improvement Of Lower Extremity Electrodiagnostic Findings Following A Trial Of Spinal Manipulation And Motion-Based Therapy.   Chiropractic And Osteopathy  2006; 14:1-6.
  122. Morter, Ted; Schuster, Tonya L. Changes In Salivary Ph And General Health Status Following The Clinical Application Of Bio-Energetic Synchronization..   Journal Of Vertebral Subluxation Research  1998; 2:1-7.
  123. Murphy DR, Hurwitz EL, Gregory AA, Clary R. A Non-Surgical Approach To The Management Of Lumbar Spinal Stenosis:  A Prospective Observational Cohort Study.  BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders  2006; February:1-8.
  124. Polkinghorn BS. . Posterior Calcaneal Subluxation::  Consideration In Chiropractic Treatment Of Plantar Fasciitis (Heel Spur Syndrome)..  Chiropractic Sports Medicine  1995; 9:44-59.
  125. Pope, Michael DC. Chiropractic: The Physics Of Spinal Correction. Cbptechnique:  Chapter 12: Applied Chiropractic Biophysics: Case #87.    1994; :25-27.
  126. Rossi, Paolo  MD; DiLorenzo, Giorgio MD; Faroni, Jessica MD; Malpezzi, Maria G, MD; Cesarino, Francesco MD; Nappi, Guiseppe, MD. Use Of Complementary And Alternative Medicine By Patients With Chronic Tension-Type Headache::  Results Of A Headache Clinic Survey.  Headache  2006; 46:622-631.
  127. Rowell, R; Lawrence, D; Hawk, C. Relief Of Depressive Symptoms In An Elderly Patient With Low Back Pain.   Clinical Chiropractic  2006; 9:34-38.
  128. Schimp, David J DC. Bakers Cyst. . . A Case History.   Digest Of Chiropractic Econimics  1992; :36-36.
  129. Schmidt, Margaret J DC. Better Health For All Ages.   The National Chiropractic  1946; 16:10-10.
  130. Simpson, Sue. :  The Palliative Care Of A Post-Polio Syndrome Patient.  Clinical Chiropractic  2006; 8:81-87.
  131. Snow, Gregory J D.C.. Chiropractic Management Of A Patient With Lumbar Spinal Stenosis.   Journal Of Manipulative And Physiologic Therapeutics  2001; 24:300-304.
  132. Taylor, David N. Spinal Synovial Cysts And Intersegmental Instability::  A Chiropractic Case.  Journal Of Manipulative And Physiologic Therapeutics  2007; 30:152-157.
  133. van der Velde, Gabrielle M.. Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo Part Ii: A Qualitative Review Of Non-Pharmacological, Conservative Treatments And A Case Report Presenting Epleys Canalith Repositioning Procedure, A Non-Invasive Bedside Manoeuvre For Treating Bppv.   Journal Of The Canadian Chiropractic Association  1999; 43:41-49.
  134. Vickery, Brice E DC. Fibromyalgia: A Den Of Demons:  New Discoveries Upon New Discoveries.  American Chiropractor  1999; 21:14-19.
  135. Weiant, BW PhD DC; Burry, HM BSc DC. Effect Of Chiropractic On Metabolism: A Preliminary Report.   National Chiropractic Journal  1946; 16:17-18.
  136. Williams BD DC; Brockhohn JL. Subacromial Impingement Syndrome::  A Case Series.  Chiropractic Sports Medicine  1994; 8:104-109.
  137. Williams, Sid E DC; Penn, PF; Owens, EF; Hosek, RS; Burneskis, RD; Bloomingdale, SA; Hoiriis, KT; RHodes, CL. A Progress Report Of Chiropractic Efficacy In The Treatment Of Chronic Low Back Pain, Neck Pain, Headaches And Related Peripheral Conditions: A Double Blinded Time-Series Study.     1989; :11-21.
  138. Chiropractic Council on Guidelines and Practice Parameters (CCGPP). “CHIROPRACTIC MANAGEMENT OF PREVENTION AND HEALTH PROMOTION; NONMUSCULOSKELETAL CONDITIONS; AND CONDITIONS OF THE ELDERLY, CHILDREN AND PREGNANAT WOMEN”  http://www.ccgpp.org/
  139. Hawk C, Khorsan R, Lisi AJ, Ferrance RJ, Evans MW. Chiropractic care for nonmusculoskeletal conditions: a systematic review with implications for whole systems research. J Altern Complement Med. 2007 Jun;13(5):491-512.

WAD

  1. Ivancic PC, Pearson AM, Panjabi MM, Ito S. Injury of the anterior longitudinal ligament during whiplash simulation. Eur Spine J 2004;13(1):61-68.
  2. Panjabi MM, Cholewicki J, Nibu K, Grauer JN, Babat LB, Dvorak J. Mechanism of whiplash injury. Clin Biomech 1998; 13(4-5):239-249.
  3. Giuliano V, Giuliano C, Pinto F, Scaglione M. The use of flexion and extension MR in the evaluation of cervical spine trauma: initial experience in 100 trauma patients compared with 100 normal subjects. Emerg Radiol 2002; 9(5): 249-253.
  4. Salé H, Isberg A. Delayed temporomandibular joint pain and dysfunction induced by whiplash trauma: a controlled prospective study.  Am Dent Assoc. 2007 Aug;138(8):1084-91.
  5. Robinson JP, Burwinkle T, Turk DC. Perceived and actual memory, concentration, and attention problems after whiplash-associated disorders (grades I and II): prevalence and predictors. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2007 Jun;88(6):774-9.
  6. Vasavada AN, Brault JR, Siegmund GP. Musculotendon and fascicle strains in anterior and posterior neck muscles during whiplash injury. Spine. 2007 Apr 1;32(7):756-65.
  7. Carlson EJ, Tominaga Y, Ivancic PC, Panjabi MM. Dynamic vertebral artery elongation during frontal and side impacts. Spine J. 2007;7(2):222-8.
  8. Kitagawa Y, Yasuki T, Hasegawa J. A study of cervical spine kinematics and joint capsule strain in rear impacts using a human FE model. Stapp Car Crash J. 2006 Nov;50:545-66.
  9. Carroll LJ, Ferrari R, Cassidy JD. Reduced or painful jaw movement after collision-related injuries: a population-based study. J Am Dent Assoc. 2007 Jan;138(1):86-93.
  10. Ekvall Hansson E, Månsson NO, Ringsberg KA, Håkansson A. Dizziness among patients with whiplash-associated disorder: a randomized controlled trial. J Rehabil Med. 2006;38(6):387-90.
  11. Tominaga Y, Maak TG, Ivancic PC, Panjabi MM, Cunningham BW. Head-turned rear impact causing dynamic cervical intervertebral foramen narrowing: implications for ganglion and nerve root injury. J Neurosurg Spine. 2006 May;4(5):380-7.
  12. Panjabi MM, Dvorák J, Crisco J, Oda T, Grob D. Instability in injury of the alar ligament. A biomechanical model] Orthopade. 1991 Apr;20(2):112-20. German.
  13. Harrison DE, Cailliet R, Harrison DD, Troyanovich SJ, Janik TJ.  Cervical Coupling on AP Radiographs During Lateral Translations of the Head Creates an “S”-Configuration. Clin Biomech 2000; 15(6): 436-40.
  14. Penning L. Kinematics of cervical spine injury. A functional radiological hypothesis. Eur Spine J 1995; 4(2): 126-32.
  15. Grauer JN, Panjabi MM, Cholewicki J, Nibu K, Dvorak J. Whiplash produces an S-shaped curvature of the neck with hyperextension at lower levels. Spine. 1997;22(21):2489-94.
  16. Merskey H, Teasell RW. Problems with insurance-based research on chronic pain. Med Clin North Am. 2007;91(1):31-43.
  17. Billig H. T raumatic Neck, Head, Eye Syndrome. Journal of the International College of Surgeons 1953; 20(5): 558-61
  18. Seletz E. Whiplash Injuries: Neurophysiological Basis for Pain and Methods Used for Rehabilitation. J Amer Medical Assoc 1958,  1750 – 1755.
  19. Jackson R. The Cervical Syndrome; Fourth Edition, Charles C Thomas publisher, 1978: 291.
  20. Ameis A. Cervical Whiplash: Considerations in the Rehabilitation of Cervical Myofascial Injury. Canadian Family Physician 1986;Volume 32.
  21. Gargan MF, Bannister GC. Long-term Prognosis of Soft-Tissue Injuries of the Neck; J Bone Joint Surgery (British) 1990; VOL. 72-B, No. 5.
  22. Haldeman S, Chapman-Smith D, Petersen DM. Guidelines for Chiropractic quality assurance and practice parameters. Proceedings of the Mercy Center Consensus Conference. Gaithersburg, MD: Aspen Publishers, 1993.
  23. Schofferman J, Wasserman S. Successful treatment of low back pain and neck pain after a motor vehicle accident despite litigation; Spine 994;19(9):1007-10.
  24. Barnsley L, Lord S, Bogduk N. Whiplash injury: Clinical Review. Pain 1994; 58:283-307.
  25. Tomlinson PJ, Gargan MF, Bannister GC. The fluctuation in recovery following whiplash injury: 7.5-year prospective review. Injury 2005; 36(6): 758-761.
  26. Freeman MD, Croft AC, Rossignol AM, Centeno CJ, Elkins WL. Chronic neck pain and whiplash: a case-control study of the relationship between acute whiplash injuries and chronic neck pain. Pain Res Manag. 2006 Summer;11(2):79-83.
  27. Foreman SM, Croft AC. Whiplash injuries: The cervical acceleration/deceleration syndrome. 3rd Ed., Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2002:525-526
  28. Freeman MD, Croft AC, Rossignol AM. “Whiplash Associated Disorders: Redefining Whiplash and its Management” by the Quebec Task Force: A critical evaluation. Spine 1998;23(9):1043-49.
  29. Spitzer WO, Skovron ML, Salmi LR, Cassidy JD, Duranceau J, Suissa S, Zeiss E. Scientific monograph of the Quebec Task Force on Whiplash-Associated Disorders: redefining “whiplash” and its management. Spine 1995; 20(suppl):S1-S73.
  30. Teasell R, Merskey H. The Quebec Task Force on whiplash-associated disorders and the British Columbia Whiplash Initiative: A study of insurance industry initiatives. Pain Res Manag 1999;4(3): 141-149.
  31. Paying for Auto Injuries: a Consumer Panel Survey of Auto Accident Victims. Insurance Research Council, May, 1994.
  32. Haneline MT. Symptomatic outcomes and perceived satisfaction levels of chiropractic patients with a primary diagnosis involving acute neck pain. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2006;29(4):288-96.
  33. Financial Services Commission of Ontario. PAF for WADs Grades I and II.  http://www.fsco.gov.on.ca/english/insurance/auto/PAF_Training_Slides.pdf .

Workers Comp

  1. Canadian Workplace Safety & Insurance Board (WSIB). Program of Care: Acute Low Back Injuries. 2nd Edition. April 2005. www.wsib.on.ca.
  2. Work Loss Data Institute (WLDI). Official Disability Guidelines (ODG). Accessed September 8, 2007 at http://www.disabilitydurations.com/bp/724.htm#724.2.
  1. Oregon State Board of Chiropractic Physicians at www.oregon.gov/OBCE/prac_guidelines.shtml
  2. North Carolina State Board of Chiropractic Examiners at www.ncchiroboard.com/pdfs/Guidelines.pdf)
  3. Oregon Workers Compensation at http://www.cbs.state.or.us/external/wcd/policy/rules/docconv_12579/10_00052.pdf and http://www.leg.state.or.us/07reg/measpdf/hb2700.dir/hb2756.en.pdf
  1. Massachusetts Department of Industrial Accidents (WC) at http://www.mass.gov/dia/hcsb/treatguides.htm
  2. Colorado Workers Compensation Guidelines at http://www.coworkforce.com/dwc/Medical_Treatment.html
  3. Mootz RD, Waldorf VT: Chiropractic care parameters for common industrial low back conditions. Chiropr Technique 1993; 5(3):119-125
  4. Washington Workers Compensation Guidelines at http://www.lni.wa.gov/ClaimsIns/Providers/Research/Chiro/WorkRelated/default.html
  5. New York Workers Compensation Low Back Guidelines at http://www.ins.state.ny.us/press/2007/p0712032low.pdf and Cervical Guidelines at http://www.ins.state.ny.us/press/2007/p0712032cer.pdf.
  6. Wisconsin Workers Compensation at http://www.dwd.state.wi.us/wc/councils/wcac/80_81_final_7_16_07.pdf
  7. Minnesota Workers Compensation at http://www.doli.state.mn.us/pdf/treatparam.pdf
  8. Mittelstaedt B. Washington State Workers Comp Retrospective Review. Part II: Audits decrease payments to DCs 36% and increase MDs 57% and PTs 150%. Amer J Clin Chiropr 1998; 8(4): 1-5.
  9. Ohio Bureau of Workers’ Compensation. Chiropractic Treatment Guidelines. www.ohiobwc.com/basics/guidedtour/providerno/med_manage/treatmentreq.html

Pediatrics

  1. Balon, Jeffrey, MD; Aker, Peter D., DC; Crowther, Edward R., DC; Danielson, Clark, MPA; Cox, P. Gerard, MB; OShaughnessy, Denise; Walker, Corinne; Goldsmith, Charles H., PhD; Duku, Eric, MSc; Sears, Malcolm R., MB. A Comparison Of Active And Simulated Manipulatin As Adjunctive Treatment For Childhood Asthma.   New England Journal Of Medicine  1998; 339:1013-1020
  2. Bronfort, Gert  DC PHD; Evans, Roni L DC; Kubic, Paul MD PhD; Filkin, Patty. Chronic Pediatric Asthma And Chiropractic Spinal Manipulation: A Prospective Clinical Series And Randomized Clinical Pilot Study.   Journal Of Manipulative And Physiologic Therapeutics  2001; 24:369-377.
  3. Erhard, Richard E., PT; Delitto, Anthony, PT; Cibulka, PT. Relative Effectiveness Of An Extension Program And Combined Program Of Manipulation And Flexion And Extension Exercises In Patients With Acute Low Back Syndrome.   Physical Therapy  1994; 74:1093-1100.
  4. Gemmell, Hugh A DC; Jacobson, Bert H. The Immediate Effect Of Activator Vs Meric Adjustment On Acute Low Back Pain:  A Randomized Control Trial.  Journal Of Manipulative And Physiologic Therapeutics  1995; 18:453-455.
  5. Guiney, Peter A DO; Chou Rick DO; Vianna, Andrea MD; Lovenheim, Jay DO. Effects Of Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment On Pediatric Patients With Asthma: A Randomized Controlled Trial.   Journal Of The American Osteopathic Association  2005; 105:7-12.
  6. Kessinger R; Boneva D. Changes In Visual Acuity In Patients Receiving Upper Cervical Specific Chiropractic Care.   Journal Of Vertebral Subluxation Research  1998; 2:43-49.
  7. Khorshid, Khaled A. DC MS MBBCh; Sweat, Roy W. DC; Zemba Jr, David A. DC; Zemba, Brett N. DC. Clinical Efficacy Of Upper Cervical Versus Full Spine Chiropractic Care On Children With Autism::  A Randomized Clinical Trial.  Journal Of Vertebral Subluxation Research  2006; March:1-7.
  8. Khorshid, Khaled A., DC; Sweat, Roy W., DC; Zemba, David A., DC; Zemba, Brett N., DC. Clinical Efficacy Of Upper Cervical Versus Full Spine Chiropractic Care On Children With Autism: A Randomized Trial.   Journal Of Vertebral Subluxation Research  2006; :1-7.
  9. Leboeuf-Yde, Charlotte  DC, MPH. Chiropractic Care Of Children With Nocturnal Enuresis:  A Prospective Outcome Study.   Journal Of Manipulative And Physiologic Therapeutics  1991; 214:110-115.
  10. Mills, Miriam V MD; Henley, Charles E DO; Barnes, Laura L.B. PhD; Carreiro, Jane E DO; Degenhardt, Brian F DO. The Use Of Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment As Adjuvant Therapy In Children With Recurrent Acute Otitis Media.   Archives Of Pediatric Adolescent Medicine  2003; 157:861-866.
  11. Olafsdottir, E; Forshei, S; Fluge, G; Markestad, T.. Randomised Controlled Trial Of Infantile Colic Treated With Chiropractic Spinal Manipulation..   Arch Dis Child  2001; 82:138-141.
  12. Petersen, S L; Brantingham JW; Kretzmann HM. Chiropractic Manipulative Therapy In The Treatment Of Primary Metatarsalgia:  A Prospective, Single-Blind Clinical Trial.  European Journal Of Chiropractic  2003; 49:267-279.
  13. Rowe, Dale E ; Feise, Ronald J; Crowther, Edward R; Grod, Jaroslaw P; Menke, Michael; Goldsmith, Charles H; Stoline, Michael R; Souza, Thomas A; Kambach, Brandon. Chiropractic Manipulation In Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis:  A Pilot Study.  Chiropractic And Osteopathy  2006; 14:1-10.
  14. Sawyer, Charles E. DC; Evans, RL; Boline, PD; Branson, R; Spicer, A. A Feasability Study Of Chiropractic Spinal Manipulation Versus Sham Spinal Manipulation For Chronic Otitis Media With Effusion In Children..   Journal Of Manipulative And Physiologic Therapeutics  1999; 22:292-298.
  15. Stakes, Neil Osmond MTC; Myburgh, Corrie MTC PhD; Brantingham, James W DC PhD; Moyer, Randal J. BS; Jensen, Muffit DC; Globe, Gary DC MBA PhD. A Prospective Randomized Clinical Trial To Determine Efficacy Of Combined Spinal Manipulation And Patella Mobilization Compared To Patella Mobilization Alone In The Conservative Management Of Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome.   Journal Of The American Chiropractic Association  2006; :11-18.
  16. Wiberg, Jesper M DC; Nordsteen J DC; Nilsson N DC, MD, PhD. The Short-Term Effect Of Spinal Manipulation In The Treatment Of Infantile Colic:  A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial With A Blinded Observer..  Journal Of Manipulative And Physiologic Therapeutics  1999; 22:517-522.

Table 28

  1. Bahan, Joseph R D.C.   . The True Power of Chiropractic Working.   American Chiropractor  1994; 16.
  2. Brzozowske, Walter; Walton, V. E.. The Effect Of Chiropractic Treatment On Students With Learning And Behavioral Impairments Resulting From Neurological Dysfunction.   The Aca Journal Of Chiropractic  1977; Vol 14:31-44.
  3. Brzozowske, Walter T., DC; Walton, E.V., PhD, MD. The Effect Of Chiropractic Treatment On Students With Learning And Behavioural Impairments Resulting From Neurological Dysfunction..   Journal Of Australian Chiropractors Association  1980; 11:11-17.
  4. Cohen, Edward  DC. Case History: An Eight-Year-Old Asthma Patient.   Todays Chiropractic  1988; .
  5. Diakow, Peter R DC; Gadsby, Thomas A DC; Gadsby, John B DC; Gleddie, John G. DC; Leprich, David J. DC; Scales, Albert M DC. Back Pain During Pregnancy And Labor.   Journal Of Manipulative And Physiologic Therapeutics  1991; 14:116-118.
  6. Dong, Wen-yi, MD; WU, Chao, MD; JIN, Zhong-tai, MD; Chen, Su-ning, MD; Li, Yong-jun, MD; Wang, Xiao-yin, MD. Clinical Observation On Articular-Plaster Therapy Combined With Chiropractics For Treatment Of Emaciation In Children.   Chinese Acupuncture And Maxibustion  2007; 27:185-187.
  7. Fallon, Joan  DC, FICCP. The Role Of The Chiropractic Adjustment In The Care And Treatment Of 332 Children With Otitis Media.   Journal Of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics  1997; 2:167-183.
  8. Gemmell, Hugh A. Chiropractic Management Of Enuresis::  Time-Series Descriptive Design..  Journal Of Manipulative And Physiologic Therapeutics  1989; 12:386-389.
  9. Haas, Mitchell  DC MA; Sharma, Rajiv PhD; Stano, Miron PhD. Cost-Effectiveness Of Medical And Chiropractic Care For Acute And Chronic Low Back Pain.   Journal Of Manipulative And Physiologic Therapeutics  2005; :555-563.
  10. Killinger, Lisa Z DC; Azad, Ayla DC. Chiropractic Care Of Infantile Colic:  A Case Study.  Journal Of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics  1998; 3:203-206.
  11. Stephens, Danny  DC; Gorman, Frank MBBS, DO; Blinton, Don DC. The Step Phenomenon In The Recovery Of Vision With Spinal Manipulation:  A Report On Two 13 Year-Olds Treated Together.  Journal Of Manipulative And Physiologic Therapeutics  1997; 20:628-633.
  12. Vallone, Sharon  DC, FICCP. Chiropractic Evaluation And Treatment Of Musculoskeletal Dysfunction In Infants Demonstrating Difficulty Breastfeeding.   Journal Of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics  2004; 6:349-366.
  13. Webster, Larry L DC. Case Study-Mental Retardation/Cerebral Palsy.   Chiropractic Pediatrics  1994; 1:15-16.

Table 29

  1. Anglen RL. Treatment Of Chronic Lung Problems In A Chiropractic Office.   The Internist  1999; 6:29-32.
  2. Baldwin, Christopher S BS; Gasparovic, Frank DC. Rehabilitation Of A High School Sprinter.   Chiropractic Economics  1996; November:84-86.
  3. Barbuto, L.. Coccygodynia: Report Of A Case.   Journal Of The Canadian Chiropractic Association  1977; 21:123-124.
  4. Blanchard, M DC. Herniated Disc.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :28-28.
  5. Blanchard, M DC. Menstrual Disorders.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :36-36.
  6. Brzozowske, Walter T DC; Walton, E V DC. The Effect Of Chiropractic Treatment On Students With Learning And Behavioral Impairments Resulting From Neurological Dysfunction..   Aca Journal Of Chiropractic  1977; 14:31-44.
  7. Buchberger DJ. Scapular-Dysfunction Impingement Syndrome As A Cause Of Grade 2 Rotator Cuff Tear:  A Case Study..   Chiropractic Sports Medicine  1993; 7:38-45.
  8. Gasparovic, Frank R, DC; Baldwin, Christopher S, BS. Rehabilitation Of A High School Sprinter.   Chiropractic Economics  1996; 39:84-86.
  9. Gossett, Laurie D.C.. The Effect Of Chiropractic Care On Rett Syndrome:  A Case Report.  Journal Of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics  1999; 4:248-252.
  10. Guadagnino III MR. Spinal Manipulative Therapy For 12 Pregnant Patients Suffering From Low Back Pain..   Chiropractic Technique  1999; 11:108-111.
  11. Hession, E F DC; Donald, Gordon D. MD. Treatment Of Multiple Lumbar Disk Herniations In An Adolescent Athlete Utilizing Flexion Distraction And Rotational Manipulation.   Journal Of Manipulative And Physiologic Therapeutics  1993; 16:185-192.
  12. Hewitt, ELise G DC. Chiropractic Care Of A 13 Year Old With Headache And Neck Pain: A Case Report.   Journal Of The Canadian Chiropractic Association  1994; 38:160-162.
  13. Hoven JJ, ; Snyder RB, ; Andrews TL.. Management Of Peroneal Nerve Entrapment In An Elite Skier..   Journal Of Sports Chiropractic And Rehabilitation  2000; 14:70-74.
  14. Hunt, Julie M DC. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care And The Resolution Of Cystic Hygroma In A 12 Year Old Female: A Case Study.   Journal Of Chiropractic Pediatrics  2000; 5:315-317.
  15. Kaszans ES,; Kaszans RD.. An Alternative Treatment Approach To Lower Motor Neuron Facial Weakness..   The Original Internist  2004; :13-17.
  16. Kazemi, Mohsen RN DC. Adolescent Lumbar Disc Herniation In A Tae Kwon Do Martial Artist::  A Case Report.  Journal Of Canadian Chiropractic Association  1999; 42:236-242.
  17. Kessinger RC,; Boneva, DV. Case Study::  Acceleration/Deceleration Injury With Angular Kyphosis..  Journal Of Manipulative And Physiologic Therapeutics  2000; 23:279-287.
  18. Killinger, L.Z., DC. Chiropractic Care In The Treatment On Asthma:  Case Report.  Palmer Journal Of Chiropractic  1995; 2:74-77.
  19. Liesman, Natalie J. Case Study Of Adhd.   Ica Review  1998; :55-61.
  20. Luellen, Jodi  DC, DICCP. Chiropractic Care Of Adolescent Migraine Headache..   Journal Of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics  2004; 6:403-405.
  21. Mawhiney RB.. Accelerated Treatment Protocols Of The International Scoliosis Research Center On Three Cases Of Scoliosis Under Chiropractic Care::  Case Reports..  Chiropractic Technique  1999; 11:125-132.
  22. Meyer, Donald W.. Correcting Scoliosis With Proprioceptive Re-Calibration.   American Journal Of Clinical Chiropractic  2002; 12:14-15.
  23. Morningstar, Mark DC. Integrative Treatment Using Chiropractic And Conventional Techniques For Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis::  Outcomes In Four Patients..  Journal Of Vertebral Subluxation Research  2007; 2007:1-7.
  24. Palmer, BJ DC, PhC. The Hour Has Arrived.     1930; :53-71.
  25. Purse, F M DO. Manipulative Therapy Of Upper Respiratory Infections In Children.   Journal Of The American Osteopathic Association  1966; 65:964-972.
  26. Smith, Vernon C; Rogers, Sid R. Premenstrual And Postmenstrual Syndrome:  Its Characteristics And Chiropractic Care.  The American Chiropractor  1992; 14:4-86.
  27. Stude, David E DC; Bergmann, Thomas F DC; Finer, Bradley A DC. A Conservative Approach For A Patient With Traumatically Induced Urinary Incontinence.   Journal Of Manipulative And Physiologic Therapeutics  1998; 21:363-367.
  28. Van Breda, Wendy M DC. A Comparative Study Of The Health Status Of Children Raised Under The Health Care Models Of Chiropractic & Allopathic Medicine.   The American Chiropractor  1993; Sep:41-43.
  29. Weigand, R. DC. Initial And Treatment-Induced Changes To Muscle Activation Patterns In Patients With Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Compared To The Frontal Plane Spinal Configuration As Measured With Surface Electromyography..   Journal Of Chiropractic Education  2005; :76-76.
  30. Wong, L R DC. The Case Of The Missing Sacrum.   Chiropractic Economics  1993; :90-92.

Table 30

  1. Alcantra, Joel  DC; Plaugher, Gregory, DC; Araghi, Jason H, DC. Chiropractic Care Of Patient With Myasthenia Gravis.   Journal Of Manipulative And Physiologic Therapeutics  2003; 26:390-394.
  2. Anderson, Christine D.. Seizures Plus Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Case Report.   International Review Of Chiropractic  1993; 1993:35-37.
  3. Anderson, Christine DC; Partridge, JE. Seizures Plus Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder:  A Case Report.    1994; n/a:31-32.
  4. Araghi, H. Jason, DC. Post-Traumatic Evaluation And Treatment Of The Pediatric Patient With Head Injury: A Case Report.   International Review Of Chiropractic  1995; :29-31.
  5. Araghi, J. Post-Traumatic Evaluation And Treatment Of The Pediatric Patient With Head Injury.   Ica Review Of Chiropractic  1995; 18:29-31.
  6. Augilar, Andrew L., DC,MBA; Grostic, John D, Jr., DC; Pfleger, Bruce, PhD. Chiropractic Care And Behavior In Austistic Children.   Journal Of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics  2000; 5:293-304.
  7. Bahan, Jose R, DC. The True Power Of Chiropractic Working. Part 1 Of 2.   The American Chiropractor  1994; 16:26-30.
  8. Bahan, Joseph R. DC. The True Power Of Chiropractic Working.   The American Chiropractor :N/A.
  9. Bahan. Joseph R., DC. The True Power Of Chiropractic Working. Part 2 Of 2.   The American Chiropractor  1994; 16:48-52.
  10. Barber, Virginia A DC; Ring, Thomas S DC. Encopresis: A Case Study Of The Response Of Pediatric Fecal Incontinence While Under Chiropractic Care.   Topics In Clinical Chiropractic  2002; 9:68-72.
  11. Blanchard, M DC. Constipation.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :15-15.
  12. Blanchard, M DC. Deafness.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :16-16.
  13. Blanchard, M DC. Dermatitis.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :17-17.
  14. Blanchard, M DC. Diabetes.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :18-18.
  15. Blanchard, M DC. Eczema.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :19-19.
  16. Blanchard, M DC. Enuresis.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :20-20.
  17. Blanchard, M DC. Epilepsy.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :21-21.
  18. Blanchard, M DC. Gall Bladder Trouble.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :22-22.
  19. Blanchard, M DC. Goiter.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :23-23.
  20. Blanchard, M DC. Hay Fever.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :24-24.
  21. Blanchard, M DC. Headaches.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :25-25.
  22. Blanchard, M DC. Heart Disease.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :26-26.
  23. Blanchard, M DC. Insomnia.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :31-31.
  24. Blanchard, M DC. Kidney Disorders.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :32-32.
  25. Blanchard, M DC. Liver Disorders.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :33-33.
  26. Blanchard, M DC. Lumbago.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :35-35.
  27. Blanchard, M DC. Mental Disorders.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :37-37.
  28. Blanchard, M DC. Migraine Headache.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :38-38.
  29. Blanchard, M DC. Muscular Incoordination.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :40-40.
  30. Blanchard, M DC. Nephritis.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :41-41.
  31. Blanchard, M DC. Nervousness.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :42-42.
  32. Blanchard, M DC. Neuritis.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :44-44.
  33. Blanchard, M DC. Paralysis.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :45-45.
  34. Blanchard, M DC. Poliomyelitis.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :46-46.
  35. Blanchard, M DC. Prostate Trouble.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :47-47.
  36. Blanchard, M DC. Rheumatic Fever.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :48-48.
  37. Blanchard, M DC. Rheumatism.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :49-49.
  38. Blanchard, M DC. Sciatica.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :50-50.
  39. Blanchard, M DC. Sinusitis.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :51-51.
  40. Blanchard, M DC. Spinal Curvature.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :52-52.
  41. Blanchard, M DC. Stomach Trouble.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :53-53.
  42. Blanchard, M DC. Strabismus.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :54-54.
  43. Blanchard, M DC. Torticollis.   Field Research Data- International Chiropractors Association  1950; :56-56.
  44. Blood, Stephen D DO; Hurwitz, Barry A PhD. Brain Wave Pattern Changes In Children With Add/Adhd Following Osteopathic Manipulation:  A Pilot Study.  American Academy Of Osteopathy Journal  2000; :19-20.
  45. Burnier, Arno  DC. The Side Effects Of The Chiropractic Adjustment.   Chiropractic Pediatrics  1995; 1:22-24.
  46. Cheung Woo, Chun  DC. Traumatic Radial Head Subluxation In Young Children:  A Case Report And Literature Review.  Journal Of Manipulative And Physiologic Therapeutics  1987; 10:191-200.
  47. Chorny, Scott B; Smith, Rodney P; Matheny, David  A, DC. Clinical Management Of Multiple Congenital Spinal Anomalies:  A Case Report.  Chiropractic Technique  1993; 5:65-67.
  48. Cohen, Eddy. Case History: Premature Labor.   Chiropractic Pediatrics  1995; 1:14-16.
  49. Conway, Cynthia M DC, DICCP. Chiropractic Care Of A Pediatric Glaucoma Patient: A Case Study.   Journal Of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics  1997; :155-156.
  50. Cuthbert, Scott C. Proposed Mechanisms And Treatment Strategies For Motion Sickness Disorder::  A Case Series.  Journal Of Chiropractic Medicine  2006; 5:22-31.
  51. Davies, Neil J.. Chriopractic Management Of Deformational Plagiocephaly In Infants: An Alternative To Device-Dependent Therapy..   Chiropractic Journal Of Australia  2002; 32:52-55.
  52. Day MO. Spondylolytic Spondylolisthesis In An Elite Athlete.   The Journal Of Chiropractic Sports Medicine  1991; 5:91-97.
  53. Dobson GJ. Structural Changes In The Cervical Spine Following Spinal Adjustments In A Patient With Os Odontoideum: A Case Report.   Journal Of Vertebral Subluxation Research  1996; 1:37-40.
  54. Doscher, Bobby. Like A Flower Unfolding,:  Chiropractic Offers Hope For Cerebral Palsy.  Journal Of The American Chiropractic Association  2002; 39:46-50.
  55. Elster, Erin L.. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care For A Nine-Year-Old Male With Tourette Syndrome, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Depression, Asthma, Insomnia, And Headaches:  A Case Report.  Journal Of Vertebral Subluxation Research  2003; July 12:1-11.
  56. Elster, Erin L.. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care For A Patient With Chronic Migraine Headaches With An Appendix Summarizing An Additional 100 Headache Cases.   Journal Of Vertebral Subluxation Research  2003; Aug 3:1-10.
  57. Eriksen, K DC. Correction Of Juvenile Idiopathic Scoliosis After Primary Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care:  A Case Study..     1996; 3:25-32.
  58. Eriksen, Kirk D.C.. Effect Of Upper Cervical Correction On Chronic Constipation.   Chiropractic Research Journal  1994; 3:19-22.
  59. Fedorchuk, Curtis. Correction Of Subluxation And Reduction Of Dysponesis In A  7 Year-Old Child Suffering From Chronic Cough And Asthma::  A Case Report..  Journal Of Vertebral Subluxation Research  2007; 2007:1-5.
  60. Froehle, Rosann M DC. Ear Infection::  A Retrospective Study Examining Improvement From Chiropractic Care And Analyzing For Influencing Factors..  Journal Of Manipulative And Physiologic Therapeutics  1996; 19:169-177.
  61. Fysh, Peter N. DC FICCP. Speech Delay Restored After Chiropractic Care: Acquired Verbal Aphasia In A 7-Year-Old Female.   Ica Review  1998; :49-53.
  62. Gambino, Daniel W.. Brain Injured Child With Seizures Benefits From Chiropractic Care.   Chiropractic Pediatrics  1995; 2:8-9.
  63. Garde, R DC. Asthma And Chiropractic.   Chiropractic Pediatrics  1994; 1:9-16.
  64. Giesen, J. Martin, PhD; Center, David B., PhD; Leach, Robert A., DC. An Evaluation Of Chiropractic Manipulation As A Treatment Of Hyperactivity In Children.   Journal Of Manipulative And Physiologic Therapeutics  1989; 12:353-362.
  65. Gindl, Pamela S BSC, DC, DICCP. Specific Chiropractic Adjusting Of A Child With Deferine-Sottas Disease.   Journal Of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics  2004; 6:398-402.
  66. Gioia, Anthony V DC, CCRD. Chiropractic Treatment Of Childhood Asthma.   Journal Of The American Chiropractic Association  1996; :35-36.
  67. Gluck, George  BA. A Case Report On The Treatment Of Gauchers Disease..   Journal Of The National Chiropractic Association  1955; 7:19-21.
  68. Goldman, Stephen R DC. A Structural Approach To Bronchial Asthma.   Aca Journal Of Chiropractic  1969; 3:81-84.
  69. Gorman, R. Frank. Monocular Visual Loss After Closed Head Trauma: Immediate Resolution Associated With Spinal Manipulation.   Journal Of Manipulative And Physiological Therapeutics  1995; 18:308-314.
  70. Haselden, P; Tepe, R; Zhang, J. Chiropractic Adjustments Reduced Urinary Incontinence:  See Notes Below.  Journal Of Chiropractic Education  2006; 20:113-113.
  71. Hayden, JA; Mior, SA; Verhoef, M. Chiropractic Treatment Of Paediatric Low Back Pain.   European Journal Of Chiropractic  2002; 49:166-167.
  72. Hayden, Jill A., DC; Mior, Silvano A., DC; Verhoef, Marja J., PhD. Evaluation Of Chiropractic Management Of Pediatric Patients With Low Back Pain: A Prospective Cohort Study..   Journal Of Manipulative And Physiologic Therapeutics  2003; 26:1-8.
  73. Heagy, Danita T DC. The Effect Of The Correction Of Vertebral Subluxation On Chronic Otitis Media In Children.   Chiropractic Pediatrics  1996; 2:6-7.
  74. Hewit, Elise G.. Chiropractic Care And The Irritable Infant.   Journal Of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics  2004; 6:394-397.
  75. Hospers, Lasca A DC; Sweat, Roy W DC; Hus, LaRee BS; Trotta, Nicholina BS MA; Sweat, Matthew BA. Response Of A Three-Year-Old Epilieptic Child To Upper Cervical Adjustment.   Texas Journal Of Chiropractic  1987; :19-21.
  76. Hunt, Julie M DC. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care Of A Pediatric Patent With Asthma: A Case Study.   Journal Of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics  2000; 5:318-321.
  77. Hyman, Christine A DC. Chiropractic Adjustments And The Reduction Of Petit Mal Seizures In A Five-Year-Old Male::  A Case Study..  Journal Of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics  1996; 1:28-32.
  78. Inselman, Paul S DC. Structural Problems  Cause Headaches: A Case Study.   The American Chiropractor  2002; 24:10-11.
  79. Inselman, Paul S DC. Is There Any Other Way Besides Ritalin?.     1998; :24-25.
  80. Irowa, GO. Osteochondrosis Of The Tibial Tuberosity:  (Osgood-Schlatter’s Disease).  Journal Of Manipulative And Physiological Therapeutics  1989; 12:46-49.
  81. Jamison, Jennifer R; Leskovec, Karl; Lepore, Sandra; Hannan, Paul. Asthma In A Chiropractic Clinic::  A Pilot Study.  Journal Of The Australian Chiropractors Associaton  1986; 16:137-143.
  82. Kleinfeld Marko, S DC. Case Study:  Ten Year Old Male With Sever Asthma..   Chiropractic Pediatrics  1997; 3:6-8.
  83. Knutson, Gary A DC. Chiropractic Correction Of Atlantaxial Rotatory Fixation.   Journal Of Manipulative And Physiologic Therapeutics  1996; 19:268-272.
  84. Knutson, Gary A. DC. Vectored Upper Cervical Manipulation For Chronic Sleep Bruxism, Headache, And Cervical Spine Pain In A Child.   Journal Of Manipulative And Physiological Therapeutics  2003; 26:1-3.
  85. Koren, Ted. Muscular Dystrophy And Chiropractic: The Story Of Eric Knapp.   Chiropractic Pediatrics  1994; 1:18-20.
  86. Langley, Cheryl. Epileptic Seizures, Nocturnal Enuresis, Add.   Chiropractic Pediatrics  1994; 1:22-22.
  87. Lines, Dean H.. A Wholistic Approach To The Treatment Of Bronchial Asthma In A Chiropractic Practice.   Chiropractic Journal Of Australia  1993; 23:4-8.
  88. Lisi, Anthony J DC; Dabrowski, Yolanda. Chiropractic Spinal Manipulation For Cervicogenic Headache In An 8-Year-Old.   Journal Of The Neuromusculoskeletal System  2002; 10:98-103.
  89. Lovett, Lisa; Blum, Charles L.. Behavioral And Learning Changes Secondary To Chiropractic  Care To Reduce Subluxations In A Child With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder:  A Case Study.  Journal Of Vertebral Subluxation Research  2006; :1-6.
  90. Manuele, J D DC; Fysh, PN DC B.App.Sc (CHIRO). Acquired Verbal Aphasia In A 7-Year-Old Female:  Case Report..   Journal Of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics  1996; 1:89-94.
  91. Manuele, Jack E.; Fysh, Peter N.. The Effects Of Chiropractic Spinal Adjustments In A Case Of Bilateral Anterior And Posterior Uveitis.   Journal Of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics  2004; 6:334-337.
  92. Marko, R.. Chiropractic Biophysics Technique In Care Of A Child With Otitis Media.   Chiropractic Pediatrics  1996; 2:13-26.
  93. Marko, RB DC. A Case Study:  Four-Year-Old Female With Vesicoureteral Reflux..   Chiropractic Pediatrics  1998; 3:12-13.
  94. Marko, Richard B DC. Bedwetting: Two Case Studies.   Chiropractic Pediatrics  1994; 1:21-22.
  95. Marko, Stephanie K DC. Case Study:  Seven Year Old Female With Asthma, Constipation And Headaches Among Other Symptoms..   Chiropractic Pediatrics  1998; 4:14-15.
  96. Mawhiney, R B DC; Mawhiney, P.J. DC. Scoliosis Related To Downs Syndrome.   Chiropractic Pediatrics  1994; 1:28-29.
  97. McCoy, Matthew, DC; Malakhova, Ekaterina, MD DC; Safronov, Yuri MD; Kent, Christopher DC JD; Scire, Peter DC. Improvement In Paraspinal Muscle Tone, Autonomic Function And Quality Of Life In Four Children With Cerebral Palsy Undergoing Subluxation-Based Chiropractic Care: Four Retrospective Case Studies And Review Of The Literature..   Journal Of Vertebral Subluxation Research  2006; 10:1-15.
  98. Mootz, Robert D DC. Chiropractic Care Of Special Populations.     1999; :41-49.
  99. no author listed. The Cindy Beaty Story.   ICA Review Of Chiropractic  1963; 18:8-10.
  100. Nunno, Laura V RN DC DICCP. Eosinophilic Gastroenteritis:  A Chiropractic Report.  Journal Of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics.   Journal Of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics  2007; 8:507-509.
  101. Palmer, BJ. Feature Case March 5, 1955.   Palmer Chiropractic College Doctors Clinic Notes From The Clinic Desk  1955; .
  102. Palmer, BJ. Chiropractic Clinical Controlled Research:  Case 2120.  N/A  1951; 1st Edition:433-446.
  103. Palmer, Bj . Chiropractic Clinical Controlled Research:  Case Study 2.    1951; :458-467.
  104. Palmer, Bj  DC, PHC. The Hour Has Arrived.     1930; :53-71.
  105. Palmer, Bj  DC, PHC. The Hour Has Arrived.     1930; :53-71.
  106. Palmer, Bj  DC, PHC. The Hour Has Arrived.     1930; :53-71.
  107. Palmer, BJ DC, PhC. The Hour Has Arrived.     1930; :53-71.
  108. Patterson, David  DC. Encopresis In A Seven-Year-Old:  A Case Study.   Journal Of Chiropractic Research  1989; 2:79-82.
  109. Pauli, Yannick, DC. Improvement In Attention In Patients Undergoing Network Spinal Analysis::  A Case Series Using Objective Measures Of Attention.  Journal Of Vertebral Subluxation Research  2007; August:1-9.
  110. Peet, J; Kleinfeld, Marko S; Piekarczyk, W. Chiropractic Response In The Pediatric Patient With Asthma::  A Pilot Study.  Chiropractic Pediatrics  1995; 1:9-13.
  111. Peet, Jennifer  . More Than Diet.   American Journal Of Clinical Chiropractic  1993; 3:22-23.
  112. Peet, Jennifer  B. The Chiropractic Analysis And Care Of A 6 Month Old Male With Colic:  A Case Study.  American Journal Of Clinical Chiropractic  2000; 10:23-23.
  113. Peet, Jennifer  DC. Brachial Plexus Injury In An Infant With Downs Syndrome;:  A Case Study.  Chiropractic Pediatrics  1994; 1:11-14.
  114. Peet, Jennifer B. Eight Year Old Female With Chronic Asthma:  Case Study.  Chiropractic Pediatrics  1997; 3:9-12.
  115. Peet, Jennifer B. We Are Spiritual Beings Experiencing Life In A Physical Body.   American Journal Of Clinical Chiropractic  1999; 9:11-11.
  116. Peet, Jennifer B . Hyperactivity And Attention Deficit- A Chiropractic Perspective.   American Journal Of Clinical Chiropractic  1993; :5-5.
  117. Peet, Jennifer B DC. Case Study: Chiropractic Results With A Child With Reoccurring Otitis Media Accompanied By Effusion.   Chiropractic Pediatrics  1996; 2:8-10.
  118. Peet, Jennifer B DC. Case Study:  Three Year Old Female With Acute Stomach Problems..   Chiropractic Pediatrics  1997; 3:10-11.
  119. Peet, Jennifer B DC. Adjusting The Hyperactive / Add Pediatric Patient.   Chiropractic Pediatrics  1997; 2:12-15.
  120. Peet, Jennifer B., DC. Adjusting The Febrile Pediatric Patient.   Chiropractic Pediatrics  1996; 2:11-12.
  121. Peet, Jennifer Brandon, DC. Case Study:  Eight Year Old Female With Chronic Asthma.  American Journal Of Clinical Chiropractic  1998; Jan:25-27.
  122. Perdian, Timothy A DC. Scoliosis-A Case Study.   Chiropractic Economics  1993; :33-33.
  123. Perri, Vincent L DC. Oral Hyperalimentation Of The Compromised Child:  An Approach To First-Stage Pediatric Crisis.  The Digest Of Chiropractic Economics  1984; :28-30.
  124. Pope, Michael DC. Chiropractic: The Physics Of Spinal Correction. Cbptechnique:  Chapter 12: Applied Chiropractic Biophysics: Case #218.    1994; :57-58.
  125. Potisk, T.J.. A Case Study Of A 5-Year-Old Male With Autism/Pervasive Development Disorder Who Improved Remarkably And Quickly With Chiropractic Treatment.   European Journal Of Chiropractic  2002; 49:183-183.
  126. Quist, David M; Duray, Stephen M. Resolution Of Symptoms Of Chronic Consitpation In An 8-Year Old Male After Chiropractic Treatment.   Journal Of Manipulative And Physiologic Therapeutics  2006; 30:65-68.
  127. Ritchie, Bevrerly. How Chiropractic Helped My Daughter.   Ica International Review  1994; 1994:52-55.
  128. Rubinstein, Henry  DC. Case Study Autism.   Chiropractic Pediatrics  1994; 1:23-23.
  129. Sandeufur, Ruth  MS DC. The Effect Of Chiropractic Adjustments On The Behavior Of Autistic Children:  A Case Review.   Aca Journal Of Chiropractic  1987; :21-24.
  130. Saunders, Louise. Chiropractic Treatment Of Otitis Media With Effusion: A Case Report And Literature Review Of The Epidemiological Risk Factors That Predispose Towards The Condition And That Influence The Outcome Of Chiropractic Treatment.   Clinical Chiropractic  2004; 7:168-173.
  131. Sharp Jan C DC. Treatment Of Shoulder And Cervical Dysfunction In An Infant.   Chiropractic Technique  1999; 11:53-56.
  132. Smith, Thomas L.. Cervical Manipulation For Shoulder Injury.   Journal Of The Neuromusculoskeletal System  2000; 8:24-26.
  133. Stephens, Danny D.C.; Gorman, Frank D.O.. The Prospective Treatment Of Visual Perception Deficit By Chiropractic Spinal Manipulation:  A Report On Two Juvenile Patients.  Chiropractic Journal Of Australia  1996; 26:82-88.
  134. Sweeny, Aine DC. Resolution Of Enuresis With Chiropractic Adjustments In Romania
    Two Case Reports.   International Chiropractic Association Review  1997; :70-74.
  135. Taub, Arnold DC. A Diary/Letter From A Patients Mom:  Case Report.  American Journal Of Clinical Chiropractic  1995; 5(4):33-33.
  136. Terrett, Allan ; Terrett, RG . Referred Posterior Thoracaic Pain Of Cervical Posterior Rami Origin:  A Cause Of Much Misdirected Treatment.  Chiropractic Journal Of Australia  2002; 32:42-51.
  137. Thomas, Danita  DC, FICA. Irritable Child With Chronic Ear Effusion/Infections Responds To Chiropractic Care.   Chiropractic Pediatrics  1997; 3:13-14.
  138. Vallone Sharon DC. Chiropractic Management Of A 7 Year Old Female With Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections.   Chiropractic Technique  1998; 10:113-117.
  139. Vallone, Sharon DC, DICCP (F). The Role Of Subluxation In Sensory Integration Dysfunction And The Effect Of The Chiropractic Adjustment: A Case Series.   Journal Of Chiropractic Pediatrics  2006; 7:469-479.
  140. Van Loon, Meghan  PT, DC. Colic With Projectile Vomiting: A Case Study.   Journal Of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics  1998; 3:207-210.
  141. Webster, Larry  DC. A Review Of Two Typical Chiropractic Cases Involving Otitis Media.   Chiropractic Pediatrics  1996; 2:14-15.
  142. Woo, Chun-Cheung DC. Post-Traumatic Myelopathy Following Flopping High Jump: A Pilot Case Of Spinal Manipulation.   Journal Of Manipulative And Physiologic Therapeutics  1993; 16:336-341.
  143. Young, A. . Developmental Dyslexia Associated With Peri-Natal Trauma..   Clinical Chiropractic  2004; 7:5-9.
  144. Young, Antoinette. Chiropractic Management Of A Child With Add/Adhd.   Journal Of Vertebral Subluxation Research  2007; 2007:1-4.
  145. Zhang, John Q.; Snyder, Brian J.. Effect Of The Toftness Chiropractic Adjustments For Children With Acute Otitis Media.   Journal Of Vertebral Subluxation Research  2004; March 29:1-4.

Table 31

  1. Anderson-Peacock, Elizabeth S. BSc DC. Chiropractic Care Of Children With Headaches: Five Case Reports.   Journal Of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics  1996; 1:18-27.
  2. Bachman, Trent R; Lantz, Charles A. Management Of Pediatric Asthma And Enuresis With Probable Traumatic Etiology..   International Chiropractic Association International Review Of Chiropractic  1995; Jan/Feb:37-40.
  3. Blum, CL. Cranial Therapeutic Treatment Of Downs Syndrome.   Chiropractic Technique  1999; 11:66-75.
  4. Camerino, William J DC. Case Results Of The B.j. Chiropractic Clinic From 1950-1959:  Case Study 54.    1961; :81-177.
  5. Colin, Nancy. Congenital Muscular Torticollis: A Review, Case Study And Proposed Protocol For Chiropractic Management..   Topic In Clinical Chiropractic  1998; 5:27-33.
  6. Collins, Karen, F; Barker, Christopher; Brantley, Julie; Planas, Virginia; Roopnarine Colin; Thornton, Perry. The Efficacy Of Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care On Children And Adults With Cerebral Palsy:  A Preliminary Report.  Chiropractic Pediatrics  1994; 1:13-15.
  7. Cuhel, Janet M.; Powell, Mike. Chiropractic Management Of An Infant Patient Experiencing Colic And Difficulty Breastfeeding: A Case Report.   Journal Of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics  1997; 2:150-154.
  8. Davies, Neil J DC. Chiropractic Management Of Irritable Baby Syndrome.   Chiropractic Journal Of Australia  2007; 37:25-29.
  9. Fysh, Peter N DC BAPP.SC. Chronic Recurrent Otitis Media: Case Series Of Five Patients With Recommendations For Case Management.   Journal Of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics  1996; 1:866-878.
  10. Graham, Robert L DC; Pistolese, Richard A. BS. An Impairment Rating Analysis Of Asthmatic Children Under Chiropractic Care.   Journal Of Vertebral Subluxation Research  1997; 1:1-8.
  11. Gutmann G.. Blocked Atlantal Nerve Syndrome In Infants And Small Children.   Ica International Review Of Chiropractic  1987; July/Aug:37-43.
  12. Harris, Scott L DC; Wood, Kurt W. DC. Resolution Of Infantile Erbs Palsy Utilizing Chiropractic Treatment.   Journal Of Manipulative And Physiologic Therapeutics  1993; 16:415-418.
  13. Hart, Dennis L. DC ; Libich, Eddie; Fisher, Scott. Chiropractic Adjustments Of The Of The Cervicothoracic Spine For The Treatment Of Bronchitis With Complications Of Atelectasis..   Ica International Review Of Chiropractic  1991; :831-833.
  14. Hewitt EG. Chiropractic Treatment Of A 7 Month Old With Chronic Constipation: A Case Report.   Journal Of Chiropractic Technique  1993; 5:101-103.
  15. Hewitt, Elise G DC, CST. Chiropractic Care For Infants With Dysfunctional Nursing: A Case Series..   Journal Of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics  1999; 4:41-44.
  16. Hipperson, Andrea. Chiropractic Management Of Infantile Colic.   Clinical Chiropractic  2004; 7:180-186.
  17. Holtrop, David P DC, DICCP. Resolution Of Suckling Intolerance In A 6-Month-Old Chiropractic Patient.   Journal Of Manipulative And Physiologic Therapeutics  2000; 23:615-618.
  18. Hunt, Julie M DC DICCP. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care Of An Infant With Irregular Bowel Function: A Case Study.   Journal Of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics  2000; 5:312-314.
  19. Hyman, C DC DICCP. Chiropractic Adjustments And Erb’s Palsy:  A Case Study..   Journal Of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics  1997; 2:157-160.
  20. Hyman, C.A., D.C. Chiropractic Adjustments And Congenital Torticollis With Facial Asymmetry:  A Case Study..   Ica Journal  1996; :41-45.
  21. Jamison, Jennifer MBBCh PhD EdD; Davies, Neil J DC. Chiropractic Management Of Cows Milk Protein Intolerance In Infants With Sleep Dysfunction Syndrome:  A Therapeutic Trial.  Journal Of Manipulative And Physiologic Therapeutics  2006; July/August:469-474.
  22. Klougart, Niles  DC; Nilsson, N; Jacobsen, J. Infantile Colic Treated By Chiropractors:  A Prospective Study Of 316 Cases.   Journal Of Manipulative And Physiologic Therapeutics  1989; 12:281-287.
  23. Krauss, Lori DC. Case Study: Infants Inability To Breast Feed.   Chiropractic Pediatrics  1994; 1:27-30.
  24. Krauss, Lori DC. Case Study: Birth Trauma Results In Colic.   Chiropractic Pediatrics  1995; 2:10-11.
  25. Larkin-Thier, SM; Hendricks, CL. Chiropractic Care Of Brachial Plexus Palsy: A Case Study.   Palmer Journal Of Research  1994; 1:45-47.
  26. Leach, Robert A D.C.. Differential Compliance Instrument In The Treatment Of Infantile Colic:  A Report Of Two Cases.  Journal Of Manipulative And Physiologic Therapeutics  2002; 25:58-62.
  27. Marko, Stefanie. Adjusting The Newborn Infant With Jaundice.   Chiropractic Pediatrics  1996; 2:9-10.
  28. Marko, Stephanie K DC. Case Study-The Effect Of Chiropractic Care On An Infant With Problems Of Constipation.   Chiropractic Pediatrics  1994; 1:23-24.
  29. Palmer, BJ. Infantile Paralysis:  The First And Only Explanation Of The Effects From A Causative Standpoint.    1911; .
  30. Palmer, BJ DC. Hydrocephalus Case History:  Case #2887.  Chiropractic Clinical Controlled Research  1951; :447.
  31. Palmer, DD. Chiropractic The Most Advanced Drugless System Of Healing The World Has Ever Known::  Child Bed Fever..  Chiropractic The Most Advanced Drugless System Of Healing The World Has Ever Known Palmer Library Rz 244.C445  1905; .
  32. Parnell, Carol A BS DC DICCP. Chiropractic Care Of A Child With Significant Short Stature, Hypotonia, Developmental Delay, And Seizures.   Journal Of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics  2000; 5:305-310.
  33. Pederick FO. Treatment Of An Infant With Wry Neck Associated With Birth Trauma:  Case Report.  Chiropractic Journal Of Australia  2004; 34:123-128.
  34. Peet, Jennifer  DC. Vertebrl Subluxations With Postural Permutations A Birth Inathetoid Ataxic Cerebral Palsy.:  A Case Report..  American Journal Of Clinical Chiropractic  1993; 3:14-14.
  35. Phillips, Nicholas J, DC. Vertebral Subluxation And Otitis Media::  A Case Study..  Chiropractic: The Journal Of Chiropractic Research And Clinical Investigation.  1992; 8:38-39.
  36. Pluhar, George; Schobert, PhillipD. Vertebral Subluxation And Colic:  A Case Study.   The Journal Of Chiropractic Research And Clinical Investigation  1991; 7:75-76.
  37. Rome, Peter L. Case Report:  The Effect Of A Chiropractic Spinal Adjustment On Toddler Sleep Pattern And Behavior.  Chiropractic Journal Of Australia  1996; 26:11-14.
  38. Rowswell-Kulikowski, Alaina  MD. One-Year-Old Child Diagnosed With Auditory Neuropathy And Developmental Delay Responds With Measurable Gains After Chiropractic Care.   Journal Of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics  2007; 8:514-517.
  39. Rubin, Drew. Effective Determination Of An Ill Child Using The Yale Observation Scale::  A Chiropractic Case Study..  Journal Of Vertebral Subluxation Research  2007; 2007:1-4.
  40. Sheader, Wesley E DC. Chiropractic Management Of An Infant Experiencing Breastfeeding Difficulties And Colic: A Case Study.   Journal Of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics  1999; 4:245-247.
  41. Smith-Nguyen, Emily J DC. Two Approaches To Muscular Torticollis.   Journal Of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics  2004; 6:387-393.
  42. Sully, Charles L DC. Chiropractic-Myprofession:  Case Study 9.    1951; :37-67.
  43. Toto, Blase J DC. Chiropractic Correction Of Congenital Muscular Torticollis.   Journal Of Manipulative And Physiologic Therapeutics  1993; 16:556-559.
  44. Vallone, Sharon. Linking Craniocervical Subluxation In Infants With Breastfeeding Fifficulties.   Ica International Review  1997; :843-848.
  45. Vallone, Sharon DC, FICCP. The Role Of Subluxation And Chiropractic Care In Hypolactation.   Journal Of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics  2007; 8:518-524.
  46. Walton, Alfred MD. Chiropractic:  The Spine In Its Relation To Disease, Showing Traumatism As An Important Factor.  An Explanation Of Chiropractic In Contra-Distinction To Osteopathy And Other Methods Of Treating Disease.    1914; :39-46.
  47. Watson, John G.. When She Stopped Breathing, My Mind Was Made Up.   Chiropractic Economics  1993; May/June:38-38.

Rehabilitation

  1. American Physical Therapy Association (APTA). GUIDELINES: PHYSICAL THERAPY DOCUMENTATION  OF PATIENT/CLIENT MANAGEMENT BOD G03-05-16-41. http://www.apta.org/AM/Template.cfm?Section=Home&TEMPLATE=/CM/ContentDisplay.cfm&CONTENTID=31688.
  2. Palmer DD. Text-Bok of the Science, Art, and Philosophy of Chiropractic.  Portland, OR: Portland Printing House Company, 1910.
  3. ACA Council on Chiropractic Physiological Therapeutics and Rehabilitation, http://www.ccptr.org/
  4. Christensen K. Chiropractic Rehabilitation. Ridgefield, WA: C.R.A., 1991.
  5. Libenson C. Rehabilitation of the Spine: A Practitioners Manual. 2nd Edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins. 2006.
  6. Morris CE, Greenman PE, Bullock MI, Basmajian JV, Kobesova A. Vladimir Janda, MD, DSc: tribute to a master of rehabilitation. Spine 2006 Apr 20;31(9):1060-4.
  7. Morningstar MW, Woggon D, Lawrence G. Scoliosis treatment using a combination of manipulative and rehabilitative therapy: a retrospective case series. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2004 Sep 14;5:32.
  8. Morningstar MW. Improvement of lower extremity electrodiagnostic findings following a trial of spinal manipulation and motion-based therapy. Chiropr Osteopat. 2006 Sep 12;14:20
  9. Golembewski GV, Catanzano DJ. Scoliosis reduction utilizing an exercise. J Vertebral Subluxation Res 2001;4(2):31-36.
  10. Oakley PA, Harrison DD, Harrison DE, Haas, JW. Evidence-Based Protocol for Structural  Rehabilitation of the Spine and Posture: Review of Clinical Biomechanics of Posture (CBP®) Publications. J Canadian Chiro Assoc 2005; 49(4):268-294.
  11. Harrison DE, Harrison DD, Haas JW.  CBP Structural Rehabilitation of the Cervical Spine. Evanston, WY: Harrison CBP Seminars, Inc., 2002, ISBN 0-9721314-0-X.
  12. Harrison DE, Betz JW, Harrison DD, Haas JW, Oakley PA, Meyer DW.  CBP Structural Rehabilitation of the Lumbar Spine. Evanston, WY: Harrison CBP Seminars, Inc., 2006, ISBN- 0-9721314-3-4.
  13. Harrison DD, Jackson BL, Troyanovich SJ, Robertson GA, DeGeorge D, Barker WF.   The Efficacy of Cervical Extension-Compression Traction Combined with Diversified Manipulation and Drop Table Adjustments in the Rehabilitation of Cervical Lordosis: A Pilot Study.  J Manipulative Physiol Ther 1994;17(7):454-464.
  14. Taylor NF, Dodd KJ, Shields N, Bruder A. Therapeutic exercise in physiotherapy practice is beneficial: a summary of systematic reviews 2002-2005. Aust J Physiother. 2007;53(1):7-16.
  15. Bendermacher BL, Willigendael EM, Teijink JA, Prins MH. Supervised exercise therapy versus non-supervised exercise therapy for intermittent claudication. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2006 Apr 19;(2):CD005263.
  16. Reed P.  Reed Group. The Medical Disability Advisor: Workplace Guidelines for Disability Duration, 5th Edition. Westminster, Colorado. (Some how associated with Work Loss Data Institute [WLDI], Utilization Management Knowledgebase [UMK], and ACOEM)
  17. Rand SE, Goerlich C, Marchand K, Jablecki N. The Physical Therapy Prescription. Am Fam Physician 2007;76:1661-6.
  18. Chiropractic Rehabilitation Association (CRA). Christensen K, editor. Chiropractic Rehabilitation Certification Manual. Ridgefield, WA: CRA, 1996.
  19. Harrison DE, Chair and Editor. Practicing chiropractors’ Committee on Radiology Protocols. Arlington, VA: ICA. 2008, www.pccrp.org .
  20. Harrison DD, Janik TJ, Troyanovich SJ, Holland B.  Comparisons of Lordotic Cervical Spine Curvatures to a Theoretical Ideal Model of the Static Sagittal Cervical Spine.  Spine 1996;21(6):667-675.
  21. Harrison DD, Cailliet R, Janik TJ, Troyanovich SJ, Harrison DE, Holland B. Elliptical Modeling of the  Sagittal Lumbar Lordosis and Segmental Rotation Angles as a Method to Discriminate Between Normal and Low Back Pain Subjects.  J Spinal Disord 1998; 11(5): 430-439.
  22. Janik TJ, Harrison DD, Cailliet R, Troyanovich SJ, Harrison DE. Can the Sagittal Lumbar Curvature be Closely Approximated by an Ellipse? J Orthop Res 1998; 16(6):766-70.
  23. Harrison DE, Harrison DD, Troyanovich SJ, Harmon S.  A Normal Spinal Position, Its Time to Accept the Evidence.  J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2000; 23: 623-644.
  24. Harrison DE, Janik TJ, Harrison DD, Cailliet R, Harmon S. Can the Thoracic Kyphosis be Modeled with a Simple Geometric Shape? The Results of Circular and Elliptical Modeling in 80 Asymptomatic Subjects. J Spinal Disord Tech 2002; 15(3): 213-220.
  25. Harrison DD, Harrison DE, Janik TJ, Cailliet R, Haas JW. Do Alterations in Vertebral and Disc Dimensions Affect an Elliptical Model of the Thoracic Kyphosis? Spine 2003; 28(5): 463-469.
  26. Harrison DD, Harrison DE, Janik TJ, Cailliet R, Haas JW, Ferrantelli J, Holland B. Modeling of the Sagittal Cervical Spine as a Method to Discriminate Hypo-Lordosis:  Results of Elliptical and Circular Modeling in 72 Asymptomatic Subjects, 52 Acute Neck Pain Subjects, and 70 Chronic Neck Pain Subjects. Spine 2004; 29(22):2485-2492.
  27. Morningstar M. Integrative Treatment Using Chiropractic and Conventional Techniques for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Outcomes in Four Patients. J Vertebral Sublux Res July 9, 2007; 10:1-7.
  28. Morningstar MW, Joy T. Scoliosis treatment using spinal manipulation and the Pettibon Weighting System: a summary of 3 atypical presentations. Chiropr Osteopat. 2006 Jan 12;14:1.
  29. Morningstar MW, Woggon D, Lawrence G. Scoliosis treatment using a combination of manipulative and rehabilitative therapy: a retrospective case series. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2004 Sep 14;5:32.
  30. Morningstar MW, Stauchman MN, Gilmour G. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis treatment using Pettibon corrective procedures: A case report. J Chiropr Med 2004;3(3):96-101.
  31. Saunders ES, Woggon  D, Cohen C, Robinson DH. Improvement of cervical lordosis and reduction of forward head posture wit anterior head weighting and proprioceptive balancing protocols. J Vertebral Sublux Res 2003;Apri:1-5.
  32. Morningstar M. Cervical curve restoration and forward head posture reduction for the treatment of mechanical thoracic pain using the Pettibon corrective and rehabilitative procedures. J Chiropr Med 2002;1(3):113-115.
  33. Morningstar M, Strauchman MN, Weeks DA. Spinal manipulation and anterior head weighting for the correction of forward head posture and cervical kyphosis: A pilot study. J Chiropr Med 2003;2(2):51-54.
  34. Morningstar M. Cervical hypolordosis, forward head posture, and lumbar kyphosis correction: a novel treatment for mid-thoracic pain. J Chiropr Med 2003;2(3):111-115.
  35. Harrison DE, Harrison DD, Oakley PA. Correction of Deformity after CBP Mirror Image Care Incorporating the Non-Communitive Properties of Finite Rotation Angles in Three Patients with Lumbar Scoliosis. Research Agenda Conference proceedings, Washington, DC, 2006.
  36. Ferrantelli JR, Harrison DE, Harrison DD, Steward D. Conservative management of previously unresponsive whiplash associated disorders with CBP methods: a case report. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2005; 28(3):e1-8.
  37. Paulk GP, Bennett DL, Harrison DE. Management of a chronic lumbar disk herniation with CBP methods following failed chiropractic manipulative intervention. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2004; 27(9): 579e1-579e7.
  38. Bastecki A, Harrison DE, Haas JW. ADHD: A CBP case study. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2004; 27(8): 525e1-525e5.
  39. Haas JW, Harrison DE, Harrison DD, Bymers B. Reduction of symptoms in a patient with syringomyelia, cluster headaches, and cervical kyphosis. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2005; 28(6):452.
  40. Berry RH, Oakley PA, Harrison DE. A structural approach to the postsurgical laminectomy case. J Vert Sublux Res 2007; March 19:1-7.
  41. Oakley PA, Harrison DE. Use of Clinical Biomechanics of Posture (CBP) protocol in a postsurgical C4-C7 total fusion patient. A case study. J Chiropractic Education 2005;19(1):66.
  42. Harrison DE, Bula JB. Non-operative correction of flat back using lumbar extension traction: A case study of three. J Chiropractic Education 2002;16(1).

Wellness

  1. Rupert RL. A survey of practice patterns and the health promotion and prevention attitudes of US chiropractors. Maintenance care: part I. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2000; 23:1-19.
  2. Rupert RL, Manello D, Sandefur R. Maintenance care: health promotion services administered to US chiropractic patients aged 65 and older, part II. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2000; 23:10-19.
  3. Coulter ID, Hurwitz EL, Aronow HU, Cassata DM, Beck JC. Chiropractic patients in a comprehensive home-based geriatric assessment, follow-up and health promotion program. Topics in Clinical Chiropractic 1996;3:46-55.
  4. The Medicare Program: A Brief Overview Research Report . Craig Caplan, AARP Public Policy Institute February 2005.
  5. Descarreaux M, Blouin JS, Drolet M, Papadimitriou S, Teasdale N. Efficacy of preventive spinal manipulation for chronic low-back pain and related disabilities: a preliminary study. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2004; 27:509-514.
  6. Wenban AB, Nielsen MK. Chiropractic maintenance care and quality of life of a patient presenting with chronic low back pain. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2005; 28:136-142.
  7. Muse & Associates.  Utilization, cost, and effects of chiropractic care on Medicare program costs.  Washington, DC.  2001.
  8. Mootz RD, Cherkin DC, Odegard CE, Eisenberg DM, Barassi JP, Deyo RA. Characteristics of chiropractic practitioners, patients, and encounters in Massachusetts and Arizona. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2005 Nov-Dec;28(9):645-53.